Commit ef5bc962 authored by Paolo Bonzini's avatar Paolo Bonzini Committed by Stefan Hajnoczi
Browse files

virtio-blk: do not relay a previous driver's WCE configuration to the current

The following sequence happens:
- the SeaBIOS virtio-blk driver does not support the WCE feature, which
causes QEMU to disable writeback caching

- the Linux virtio-blk driver resets the device, finds WCE is available
but writeback caching is disabled; tells block layer to not send cache
flush commands

- the Linux virtio-blk driver sets the DRIVER_OK bit, which causes
writeback caching to be re-enabled, but the Linux virtio-blk driver does
not know of this side effect and cache flushes remain disabled

The bug is at the third step.  If the guest does know about CONFIG_WCE,
QEMU should ignore the WCE feature's state.  The guest will control the
cache mode solely using configuration space.  This change makes Linux
do flushes correctly, but Linux will keep SeaBIOS's writethrough mode.

Hence, whenever the guest is reset, the cache mode of the disk should
be reset to whatever was specified in the "-drive" option.  With this
change, the Linux virtio-blk driver finds that writeback caching is
enabled, and tells the block layer to send cache flush commands

Reported-by: Rusty Russell <
Signed-off-by: default avatarPaolo Bonzini <>
Signed-off-by: default avatarStefan Hajnoczi <>
parent 1df6fa4b
......@@ -460,9 +460,9 @@ static void virtio_blk_dma_restart_cb(void *opaque, int running,
static void virtio_blk_reset(VirtIODevice *vdev)
VirtIOBlock *s = VIRTIO_BLK(vdev);
if (s->dataplane) {
......@@ -473,6 +473,7 @@ static void virtio_blk_reset(VirtIODevice *vdev)
* are per-device request lists.
bdrv_set_enable_write_cache(s->bs, s->original_wce);
/* coalesce internal state, copy to pci i/o region 0
......@@ -564,7 +565,25 @@ static void virtio_blk_set_status(VirtIODevice *vdev, uint8_t status)
features = vdev->guest_features;
bdrv_set_enable_write_cache(s->bs, !!(features & (1 << VIRTIO_BLK_F_WCE)));
/* A guest that supports VIRTIO_BLK_F_CONFIG_WCE must be able to send
* cache flushes. Thus, the "auto writethrough" behavior is never
* necessary for guests that support the VIRTIO_BLK_F_CONFIG_WCE feature.
* Leaving it enabled would break the following sequence:
* Guest started with "-drive cache=writethrough"
* Guest sets status to 0
* Guest sets DRIVER bit in status field
* Guest reads host features (WCE=0, CONFIG_WCE=1)
* Guest writes guest features (WCE=0, CONFIG_WCE=1)
* Guest writes 1 to the WCE configuration field (writeback mode)
* Guest sets DRIVER_OK bit in status field
* s->bs would erroneously be placed in writethrough mode.
if (!(features & (1 << VIRTIO_BLK_F_CONFIG_WCE))) {
bdrv_set_enable_write_cache(s->bs, !!(features & (1 << VIRTIO_BLK_F_WCE)));
static void virtio_blk_save(QEMUFile *f, void *opaque)
......@@ -674,6 +693,7 @@ static int virtio_blk_device_init(VirtIODevice *vdev)
blkconf_serial(&blk->conf, &blk->serial);
s->original_wce = bdrv_enable_write_cache(blk->;
if (blkconf_geometry(&blk->conf, NULL, 65535, 255, 255) < 0) {
return -1;
......@@ -123,6 +123,7 @@ typedef struct VirtIOBlock {
BlockConf *conf;
VirtIOBlkConf blk;
unsigned short sector_mask;
bool original_wce;
VMChangeStateEntry *change;
Notifier migration_state_notifier;
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