checkpatch.pl 68.9 KB
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#!/usr/bin/perl -w
# (c) 2001, Dave Jones. (the file handling bit)
# (c) 2005, Joel Schopp <jschopp@austin.ibm.com> (the ugly bit)
# (c) 2007,2008, Andy Whitcroft <apw@uk.ibm.com> (new conditions, test suite)
# (c) 2008-2010 Andy Whitcroft <apw@canonical.com>
# Licensed under the terms of the GNU GPL License version 2

use strict;

my $P = $0;
$P =~ s@.*/@@g;

my $V = '0.31';

use Getopt::Long qw(:config no_auto_abbrev);

my $quiet = 0;
my $tree = 1;
my $chk_signoff = 1;
my $chk_patch = 1;
my $tst_only;
my $emacs = 0;
my $terse = 0;
my $file = 0;
my $check = 0;
my $summary = 1;
my $mailback = 0;
my $summary_file = 0;
my $root;
my %debug;
my $help = 0;

sub help {
	my ($exitcode) = @_;

	print << "EOM";
Usage: $P [OPTION]... [FILE]...
Version: $V

Options:
  -q, --quiet                quiet
  --no-tree                  run without a kernel tree
  --no-signoff               do not check for 'Signed-off-by' line
  --patch                    treat FILE as patchfile (default)
  --emacs                    emacs compile window format
  --terse                    one line per report
  -f, --file                 treat FILE as regular source file
  --subjective, --strict     enable more subjective tests
  --root=PATH                PATH to the kernel tree root
  --no-summary               suppress the per-file summary
  --mailback                 only produce a report in case of warnings/errors
  --summary-file             include the filename in summary
  --debug KEY=[0|1]          turn on/off debugging of KEY, where KEY is one of
                             'values', 'possible', 'type', and 'attr' (default
                             is all off)
  --test-only=WORD           report only warnings/errors containing WORD
                             literally
  -h, --help, --version      display this help and exit

When FILE is - read standard input.
EOM

	exit($exitcode);
}

GetOptions(
	'q|quiet+'	=> \$quiet,
	'tree!'		=> \$tree,
	'signoff!'	=> \$chk_signoff,
	'patch!'	=> \$chk_patch,
	'emacs!'	=> \$emacs,
	'terse!'	=> \$terse,
	'f|file!'	=> \$file,
	'subjective!'	=> \$check,
	'strict!'	=> \$check,
	'root=s'	=> \$root,
	'summary!'	=> \$summary,
	'mailback!'	=> \$mailback,
	'summary-file!'	=> \$summary_file,

	'debug=s'	=> \%debug,
	'test-only=s'	=> \$tst_only,
	'h|help'	=> \$help,
	'version'	=> \$help
) or help(1);

help(0) if ($help);

my $exit = 0;

if ($#ARGV < 0) {
	print "$P: no input files\n";
	exit(1);
}

my $dbg_values = 0;
my $dbg_possible = 0;
my $dbg_type = 0;
my $dbg_attr = 0;
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my $dbg_adv_dcs = 0;
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my $dbg_adv_checking = 0;
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my $dbg_adv_apw = 0;
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for my $key (keys %debug) {
	## no critic
	eval "\${dbg_$key} = '$debug{$key}';";
	die "$@" if ($@);
}

my $rpt_cleaners = 0;

if ($terse) {
	$emacs = 1;
	$quiet++;
}

if ($tree) {
	if (defined $root) {
		if (!top_of_kernel_tree($root)) {
			die "$P: $root: --root does not point at a valid tree\n";
		}
	} else {
		if (top_of_kernel_tree('.')) {
			$root = '.';
		} elsif ($0 =~ m@(.*)/scripts/[^/]*$@ &&
						top_of_kernel_tree($1)) {
			$root = $1;
		}
	}

	if (!defined $root) {
		print "Must be run from the top-level dir. of a kernel tree\n";
		exit(2);
	}
}

my $emitted_corrupt = 0;

our $Ident	= qr{
			[A-Za-z_][A-Za-z\d_]*
			(?:\s*\#\#\s*[A-Za-z_][A-Za-z\d_]*)*
		}x;
our $Storage	= qr{extern|static|asmlinkage};
our $Sparse	= qr{
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			__force
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		}x;

# Notes to $Attribute:
our $Attribute	= qr{
			const|
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			volatile|
			QEMU_NORETURN|
			QEMU_WARN_UNUSED_RESULT|
			QEMU_SENTINEL|
			QEMU_ARTIFICIAL|
			QEMU_PACKED|
			GCC_FMT_ATTR
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		  }x;
our $Modifier;
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our $Inline	= qr{inline};
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our $Member	= qr{->$Ident|\.$Ident|\[[^]]*\]};
our $Lval	= qr{$Ident(?:$Member)*};

our $Constant	= qr{(?:[0-9]+|0x[0-9a-fA-F]+)[UL]*};
our $Assignment	= qr{(?:\*\=|/=|%=|\+=|-=|<<=|>>=|&=|\^=|\|=|=)};
our $Compare    = qr{<=|>=|==|!=|<|>};
our $Operators	= qr{
			<=|>=|==|!=|
			=>|->|<<|>>|<|>|!|~|
			&&|\|\||,|\^|\+\+|--|&|\||\+|-|\*|\/|%
		  }x;

our $NonptrType;
our $Type;
our $Declare;

our $UTF8	= qr {
	[\x09\x0A\x0D\x20-\x7E]              # ASCII
	| [\xC2-\xDF][\x80-\xBF]             # non-overlong 2-byte
	|  \xE0[\xA0-\xBF][\x80-\xBF]        # excluding overlongs
	| [\xE1-\xEC\xEE\xEF][\x80-\xBF]{2}  # straight 3-byte
	|  \xED[\x80-\x9F][\x80-\xBF]        # excluding surrogates
	|  \xF0[\x90-\xBF][\x80-\xBF]{2}     # planes 1-3
	| [\xF1-\xF3][\x80-\xBF]{3}          # planes 4-15
	|  \xF4[\x80-\x8F][\x80-\xBF]{2}     # plane 16
}x;

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# There are still some false positives, but this catches most
# common cases.
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our $typeTypedefs = qr{(?x:
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        [A-Z][A-Z\d_]*[a-z][A-Za-z\d_]*     # camelcase
        | [A-Z][A-Z\d_]*AIOCB               # all uppercase
        | [A-Z][A-Z\d_]*CPU                 # all uppercase
        | QEMUBH                            # all uppercase
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)};

our @typeList = (
	qr{void},
	qr{(?:unsigned\s+)?char},
	qr{(?:unsigned\s+)?short},
	qr{(?:unsigned\s+)?int},
	qr{(?:unsigned\s+)?long},
	qr{(?:unsigned\s+)?long\s+int},
	qr{(?:unsigned\s+)?long\s+long},
	qr{(?:unsigned\s+)?long\s+long\s+int},
	qr{unsigned},
	qr{float},
	qr{double},
	qr{bool},
	qr{struct\s+$Ident},
	qr{union\s+$Ident},
	qr{enum\s+$Ident},
	qr{${Ident}_t},
	qr{${Ident}_handler},
	qr{${Ident}_handler_fn},
);
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# This can be modified by sub possible.  Since it can be empty, be careful
# about regexes that always match, because they can cause infinite loops.
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our @modifierList = (
);

sub build_types {
	my $all = "(?x:  \n" . join("|\n  ", @typeList) . "\n)";
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	if (@modifierList > 0) {
		my $mods = "(?x:  \n" . join("|\n  ", @modifierList) . "\n)";
		$Modifier = qr{(?:$Attribute|$Sparse|$mods)};
	} else {
		$Modifier = qr{(?:$Attribute|$Sparse)};
	}
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	$NonptrType	= qr{
			(?:$Modifier\s+|const\s+)*
			(?:
				(?:typeof|__typeof__)\s*\(\s*\**\s*$Ident\s*\)|
				(?:$typeTypedefs\b)|
				(?:${all}\b)
			)
			(?:\s+$Modifier|\s+const)*
		  }x;
	$Type	= qr{
			$NonptrType
			(?:[\s\*]+\s*const|[\s\*]+|(?:\s*\[\s*\])+)?
			(?:\s+$Inline|\s+$Modifier)*
		  }x;
	$Declare	= qr{(?:$Storage\s+)?$Type};
}
build_types();

$chk_signoff = 0 if ($file);

my @rawlines = ();
my @lines = ();
my $vname;
for my $filename (@ARGV) {
	my $FILE;
	if ($file) {
		open($FILE, '-|', "diff -u /dev/null $filename") ||
			die "$P: $filename: diff failed - $!\n";
	} elsif ($filename eq '-') {
		open($FILE, '<&STDIN');
	} else {
		open($FILE, '<', "$filename") ||
			die "$P: $filename: open failed - $!\n";
	}
	if ($filename eq '-') {
		$vname = 'Your patch';
	} else {
		$vname = $filename;
	}
	while (<$FILE>) {
		chomp;
		push(@rawlines, $_);
	}
	close($FILE);
	if (!process($filename)) {
		$exit = 1;
	}
	@rawlines = ();
	@lines = ();
}

exit($exit);

sub top_of_kernel_tree {
	my ($root) = @_;

	my @tree_check = (
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		"COPYING", "MAINTAINERS", "Makefile",
		"README", "docs", "VERSION",
		"vl.c"
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	);

	foreach my $check (@tree_check) {
		if (! -e $root . '/' . $check) {
			return 0;
		}
	}
	return 1;
}

sub expand_tabs {
	my ($str) = @_;

	my $res = '';
	my $n = 0;
	for my $c (split(//, $str)) {
		if ($c eq "\t") {
			$res .= ' ';
			$n++;
			for (; ($n % 8) != 0; $n++) {
				$res .= ' ';
			}
			next;
		}
		$res .= $c;
		$n++;
	}

	return $res;
}
sub copy_spacing {
	(my $res = shift) =~ tr/\t/ /c;
	return $res;
}

sub line_stats {
	my ($line) = @_;

	# Drop the diff line leader and expand tabs
	$line =~ s/^.//;
	$line = expand_tabs($line);

	# Pick the indent from the front of the line.
	my ($white) = ($line =~ /^(\s*)/);

	return (length($line), length($white));
}

my $sanitise_quote = '';

sub sanitise_line_reset {
	my ($in_comment) = @_;

	if ($in_comment) {
		$sanitise_quote = '*/';
	} else {
		$sanitise_quote = '';
	}
}
sub sanitise_line {
	my ($line) = @_;

	my $res = '';
	my $l = '';

	my $qlen = 0;
	my $off = 0;
	my $c;

	# Always copy over the diff marker.
	$res = substr($line, 0, 1);

	for ($off = 1; $off < length($line); $off++) {
		$c = substr($line, $off, 1);

		# Comments we are wacking completly including the begin
		# and end, all to $;.
		if ($sanitise_quote eq '' && substr($line, $off, 2) eq '/*') {
			$sanitise_quote = '*/';

			substr($res, $off, 2, "$;$;");
			$off++;
			next;
		}
		if ($sanitise_quote eq '*/' && substr($line, $off, 2) eq '*/') {
			$sanitise_quote = '';
			substr($res, $off, 2, "$;$;");
			$off++;
			next;
		}
		if ($sanitise_quote eq '' && substr($line, $off, 2) eq '//') {
			$sanitise_quote = '//';

			substr($res, $off, 2, $sanitise_quote);
			$off++;
			next;
		}

		# A \ in a string means ignore the next character.
		if (($sanitise_quote eq "'" || $sanitise_quote eq '"') &&
		    $c eq "\\") {
			substr($res, $off, 2, 'XX');
			$off++;
			next;
		}
		# Regular quotes.
		if ($c eq "'" || $c eq '"') {
			if ($sanitise_quote eq '') {
				$sanitise_quote = $c;

				substr($res, $off, 1, $c);
				next;
			} elsif ($sanitise_quote eq $c) {
				$sanitise_quote = '';
			}
		}

		#print "c<$c> SQ<$sanitise_quote>\n";
		if ($off != 0 && $sanitise_quote eq '*/' && $c ne "\t") {
			substr($res, $off, 1, $;);
		} elsif ($off != 0 && $sanitise_quote eq '//' && $c ne "\t") {
			substr($res, $off, 1, $;);
		} elsif ($off != 0 && $sanitise_quote && $c ne "\t") {
			substr($res, $off, 1, 'X');
		} else {
			substr($res, $off, 1, $c);
		}
	}

	if ($sanitise_quote eq '//') {
		$sanitise_quote = '';
	}

	# The pathname on a #include may be surrounded by '<' and '>'.
	if ($res =~ /^.\s*\#\s*include\s+\<(.*)\>/) {
		my $clean = 'X' x length($1);
		$res =~ s@\<.*\>@<$clean>@;

	# The whole of a #error is a string.
	} elsif ($res =~ /^.\s*\#\s*(?:error|warning)\s+(.*)\b/) {
		my $clean = 'X' x length($1);
		$res =~ s@(\#\s*(?:error|warning)\s+).*@$1$clean@;
	}

	return $res;
}

sub ctx_statement_block {
	my ($linenr, $remain, $off) = @_;
	my $line = $linenr - 1;
	my $blk = '';
	my $soff = $off;
	my $coff = $off - 1;
	my $coff_set = 0;

	my $loff = 0;

	my $type = '';
	my $level = 0;
	my @stack = ();
	my $p;
	my $c;
	my $len = 0;

	my $remainder;
	while (1) {
		@stack = (['', 0]) if ($#stack == -1);

		#warn "CSB: blk<$blk> remain<$remain>\n";
		# If we are about to drop off the end, pull in more
		# context.
		if ($off >= $len) {
			for (; $remain > 0; $line++) {
				last if (!defined $lines[$line]);
				next if ($lines[$line] =~ /^-/);
				$remain--;
				$loff = $len;
				$blk .= $lines[$line] . "\n";
				$len = length($blk);
				$line++;
				last;
			}
			# Bail if there is no further context.
			#warn "CSB: blk<$blk> off<$off> len<$len>\n";
			if ($off >= $len) {
				last;
			}
		}
		$p = $c;
		$c = substr($blk, $off, 1);
		$remainder = substr($blk, $off);

		#warn "CSB: c<$c> type<$type> level<$level> remainder<$remainder> coff_set<$coff_set>\n";

		# Handle nested #if/#else.
		if ($remainder =~ /^#\s*(?:ifndef|ifdef|if)\s/) {
			push(@stack, [ $type, $level ]);
		} elsif ($remainder =~ /^#\s*(?:else|elif)\b/) {
			($type, $level) = @{$stack[$#stack - 1]};
		} elsif ($remainder =~ /^#\s*endif\b/) {
			($type, $level) = @{pop(@stack)};
		}

		# Statement ends at the ';' or a close '}' at the
		# outermost level.
		if ($level == 0 && $c eq ';') {
			last;
		}

		# An else is really a conditional as long as its not else if
		if ($level == 0 && $coff_set == 0 &&
				(!defined($p) || $p =~ /(?:\s|\}|\+)/) &&
				$remainder =~ /^(else)(?:\s|{)/ &&
				$remainder !~ /^else\s+if\b/) {
			$coff = $off + length($1) - 1;
			$coff_set = 1;
			#warn "CSB: mark coff<$coff> soff<$soff> 1<$1>\n";
			#warn "[" . substr($blk, $soff, $coff - $soff + 1) . "]\n";
		}

		if (($type eq '' || $type eq '(') && $c eq '(') {
			$level++;
			$type = '(';
		}
		if ($type eq '(' && $c eq ')') {
			$level--;
			$type = ($level != 0)? '(' : '';

			if ($level == 0 && $coff < $soff) {
				$coff = $off;
				$coff_set = 1;
				#warn "CSB: mark coff<$coff>\n";
			}
		}
		if (($type eq '' || $type eq '{') && $c eq '{') {
			$level++;
			$type = '{';
		}
		if ($type eq '{' && $c eq '}') {
			$level--;
			$type = ($level != 0)? '{' : '';

			if ($level == 0) {
				if (substr($blk, $off + 1, 1) eq ';') {
					$off++;
				}
				last;
			}
		}
		$off++;
	}
	# We are truly at the end, so shuffle to the next line.
	if ($off == $len) {
		$loff = $len + 1;
		$line++;
		$remain--;
	}

	my $statement = substr($blk, $soff, $off - $soff + 1);
	my $condition = substr($blk, $soff, $coff - $soff + 1);

	#warn "STATEMENT<$statement>\n";
	#warn "CONDITION<$condition>\n";

	#print "coff<$coff> soff<$off> loff<$loff>\n";

	return ($statement, $condition,
			$line, $remain + 1, $off - $loff + 1, $level);
}

sub statement_lines {
	my ($stmt) = @_;

	# Strip the diff line prefixes and rip blank lines at start and end.
	$stmt =~ s/(^|\n)./$1/g;
	$stmt =~ s/^\s*//;
	$stmt =~ s/\s*$//;

	my @stmt_lines = ($stmt =~ /\n/g);

	return $#stmt_lines + 2;
}

sub statement_rawlines {
	my ($stmt) = @_;

	my @stmt_lines = ($stmt =~ /\n/g);

	return $#stmt_lines + 2;
}

sub statement_block_size {
	my ($stmt) = @_;

	$stmt =~ s/(^|\n)./$1/g;
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	$stmt =~ s/^\s*\{//;
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	$stmt =~ s/}\s*$//;
	$stmt =~ s/^\s*//;
	$stmt =~ s/\s*$//;

	my @stmt_lines = ($stmt =~ /\n/g);
	my @stmt_statements = ($stmt =~ /;/g);

	my $stmt_lines = $#stmt_lines + 2;
	my $stmt_statements = $#stmt_statements + 1;

	if ($stmt_lines > $stmt_statements) {
		return $stmt_lines;
	} else {
		return $stmt_statements;
	}
}

sub ctx_statement_full {
	my ($linenr, $remain, $off) = @_;
	my ($statement, $condition, $level);

	my (@chunks);

	# Grab the first conditional/block pair.
	($statement, $condition, $linenr, $remain, $off, $level) =
				ctx_statement_block($linenr, $remain, $off);
	#print "F: c<$condition> s<$statement> remain<$remain>\n";
	push(@chunks, [ $condition, $statement ]);
	if (!($remain > 0 && $condition =~ /^\s*(?:\n[+-])?\s*(?:if|else|do)\b/s)) {
		return ($level, $linenr, @chunks);
	}

	# Pull in the following conditional/block pairs and see if they
	# could continue the statement.
	for (;;) {
		($statement, $condition, $linenr, $remain, $off, $level) =
				ctx_statement_block($linenr, $remain, $off);
		#print "C: c<$condition> s<$statement> remain<$remain>\n";
		last if (!($remain > 0 && $condition =~ /^(?:\s*\n[+-])*\s*(?:else|do)\b/s));
		#print "C: push\n";
		push(@chunks, [ $condition, $statement ]);
	}

	return ($level, $linenr, @chunks);
}

sub ctx_block_get {
	my ($linenr, $remain, $outer, $open, $close, $off) = @_;
	my $line;
	my $start = $linenr - 1;
	my $blk = '';
	my @o;
	my @c;
	my @res = ();

	my $level = 0;
	my @stack = ($level);
	for ($line = $start; $remain > 0; $line++) {
		next if ($rawlines[$line] =~ /^-/);
		$remain--;

		$blk .= $rawlines[$line];

		# Handle nested #if/#else.
		if ($lines[$line] =~ /^.\s*#\s*(?:ifndef|ifdef|if)\s/) {
			push(@stack, $level);
		} elsif ($lines[$line] =~ /^.\s*#\s*(?:else|elif)\b/) {
			$level = $stack[$#stack - 1];
		} elsif ($lines[$line] =~ /^.\s*#\s*endif\b/) {
			$level = pop(@stack);
		}

		foreach my $c (split(//, $lines[$line])) {
			##print "C<$c>L<$level><$open$close>O<$off>\n";
			if ($off > 0) {
				$off--;
				next;
			}

			if ($c eq $close && $level > 0) {
				$level--;
				last if ($level == 0);
			} elsif ($c eq $open) {
				$level++;
			}
		}

		if (!$outer || $level <= 1) {
			push(@res, $rawlines[$line]);
		}

		last if ($level == 0);
	}

	return ($level, @res);
}
sub ctx_block_outer {
	my ($linenr, $remain) = @_;

	my ($level, @r) = ctx_block_get($linenr, $remain, 1, '{', '}', 0);
	return @r;
}
sub ctx_block {
	my ($linenr, $remain) = @_;

	my ($level, @r) = ctx_block_get($linenr, $remain, 0, '{', '}', 0);
	return @r;
}
sub ctx_statement {
	my ($linenr, $remain, $off) = @_;

	my ($level, @r) = ctx_block_get($linenr, $remain, 0, '(', ')', $off);
	return @r;
}
sub ctx_block_level {
	my ($linenr, $remain) = @_;

	return ctx_block_get($linenr, $remain, 0, '{', '}', 0);
}
sub ctx_statement_level {
	my ($linenr, $remain, $off) = @_;

	return ctx_block_get($linenr, $remain, 0, '(', ')', $off);
}

sub ctx_locate_comment {
	my ($first_line, $end_line) = @_;

	# Catch a comment on the end of the line itself.
	my ($current_comment) = ($rawlines[$end_line - 1] =~ m@.*(/\*.*\*/)\s*(?:\\\s*)?$@);
	return $current_comment if (defined $current_comment);

	# Look through the context and try and figure out if there is a
	# comment.
	my $in_comment = 0;
	$current_comment = '';
	for (my $linenr = $first_line; $linenr < $end_line; $linenr++) {
		my $line = $rawlines[$linenr - 1];
		#warn "           $line\n";
		if ($linenr == $first_line and $line =~ m@^.\s*\*@) {
			$in_comment = 1;
		}
		if ($line =~ m@/\*@) {
			$in_comment = 1;
		}
		if (!$in_comment && $current_comment ne '') {
			$current_comment = '';
		}
		$current_comment .= $line . "\n" if ($in_comment);
		if ($line =~ m@\*/@) {
			$in_comment = 0;
		}
	}

	chomp($current_comment);
	return($current_comment);
}
sub ctx_has_comment {
	my ($first_line, $end_line) = @_;
	my $cmt = ctx_locate_comment($first_line, $end_line);

	##print "LINE: $rawlines[$end_line - 1 ]\n";
	##print "CMMT: $cmt\n";

	return ($cmt ne '');
}

sub raw_line {
	my ($linenr, $cnt) = @_;

	my $offset = $linenr - 1;
	$cnt++;

	my $line;
	while ($cnt) {
		$line = $rawlines[$offset++];
		next if (defined($line) && $line =~ /^-/);
		$cnt--;
	}

	return $line;
}

sub cat_vet {
	my ($vet) = @_;
	my ($res, $coded);

	$res = '';
	while ($vet =~ /([^[:cntrl:]]*)([[:cntrl:]]|$)/g) {
		$res .= $1;
		if ($2 ne '') {
			$coded = sprintf("^%c", unpack('C', $2) + 64);
			$res .= $coded;
		}
	}
	$res =~ s/$/\$/;

	return $res;
}

my $av_preprocessor = 0;
my $av_pending;
my @av_paren_type;
my $av_pend_colon;

sub annotate_reset {
	$av_preprocessor = 0;
	$av_pending = '_';
	@av_paren_type = ('E');
	$av_pend_colon = 'O';
}

sub annotate_values {
	my ($stream, $type) = @_;

	my $res;
	my $var = '_' x length($stream);
	my $cur = $stream;

	print "$stream\n" if ($dbg_values > 1);

	while (length($cur)) {
		@av_paren_type = ('E') if ($#av_paren_type < 0);
		print " <" . join('', @av_paren_type) .
				"> <$type> <$av_pending>" if ($dbg_values > 1);
		if ($cur =~ /^(\s+)/o) {
			print "WS($1)\n" if ($dbg_values > 1);
			if ($1 =~ /\n/ && $av_preprocessor) {
				$type = pop(@av_paren_type);
				$av_preprocessor = 0;
			}

818
		} elsif ($cur =~ /^(\(\s*$Type\s*)\)/ && $av_pending eq '_') {
819 820 821 822 823 824 825 826 827 828 829 830 831 832 833 834 835 836 837 838 839 840 841 842 843 844 845 846 847 848 849 850 851 852 853 854 855 856 857 858 859 860 861 862 863 864 865 866 867 868 869 870 871 872 873 874 875 876 877 878 879 880 881 882 883 884 885 886 887 888 889 890 891 892 893 894 895 896 897 898 899 900 901 902 903 904 905 906 907 908 909 910 911 912 913 914 915 916 917 918 919 920 921 922 923 924 925 926 927 928 929 930 931 932 933 934 935 936 937 938 939 940 941 942 943 944 945 946 947 948 949 950 951 952 953 954 955 956 957 958 959 960 961 962 963 964 965 966 967 968 969 970 971 972 973 974 975 976 977 978 979 980 981 982 983 984 985 986 987 988 989 990 991 992 993 994 995 996 997 998 999 1000 1001 1002 1003 1004 1005 1006 1007 1008 1009 1010 1011 1012
			print "CAST($1)\n" if ($dbg_values > 1);
			push(@av_paren_type, $type);
			$type = 'C';

		} elsif ($cur =~ /^($Type)\s*(?:$Ident|,|\)|\(|\s*$)/) {
			print "DECLARE($1)\n" if ($dbg_values > 1);
			$type = 'T';

		} elsif ($cur =~ /^($Modifier)\s*/) {
			print "MODIFIER($1)\n" if ($dbg_values > 1);
			$type = 'T';

		} elsif ($cur =~ /^(\#\s*define\s*$Ident)(\(?)/o) {
			print "DEFINE($1,$2)\n" if ($dbg_values > 1);
			$av_preprocessor = 1;
			push(@av_paren_type, $type);
			if ($2 ne '') {
				$av_pending = 'N';
			}
			$type = 'E';

		} elsif ($cur =~ /^(\#\s*(?:undef\s*$Ident|include\b))/o) {
			print "UNDEF($1)\n" if ($dbg_values > 1);
			$av_preprocessor = 1;
			push(@av_paren_type, $type);

		} elsif ($cur =~ /^(\#\s*(?:ifdef|ifndef|if))/o) {
			print "PRE_START($1)\n" if ($dbg_values > 1);
			$av_preprocessor = 1;

			push(@av_paren_type, $type);
			push(@av_paren_type, $type);
			$type = 'E';

		} elsif ($cur =~ /^(\#\s*(?:else|elif))/o) {
			print "PRE_RESTART($1)\n" if ($dbg_values > 1);
			$av_preprocessor = 1;

			push(@av_paren_type, $av_paren_type[$#av_paren_type]);

			$type = 'E';

		} elsif ($cur =~ /^(\#\s*(?:endif))/o) {
			print "PRE_END($1)\n" if ($dbg_values > 1);

			$av_preprocessor = 1;

			# Assume all arms of the conditional end as this
			# one does, and continue as if the #endif was not here.
			pop(@av_paren_type);
			push(@av_paren_type, $type);
			$type = 'E';

		} elsif ($cur =~ /^(\\\n)/o) {
			print "PRECONT($1)\n" if ($dbg_values > 1);

		} elsif ($cur =~ /^(__attribute__)\s*\(?/o) {
			print "ATTR($1)\n" if ($dbg_values > 1);
			$av_pending = $type;
			$type = 'N';

		} elsif ($cur =~ /^(sizeof)\s*(\()?/o) {
			print "SIZEOF($1)\n" if ($dbg_values > 1);
			if (defined $2) {
				$av_pending = 'V';
			}
			$type = 'N';

		} elsif ($cur =~ /^(if|while|for)\b/o) {
			print "COND($1)\n" if ($dbg_values > 1);
			$av_pending = 'E';
			$type = 'N';

		} elsif ($cur =~/^(case)/o) {
			print "CASE($1)\n" if ($dbg_values > 1);
			$av_pend_colon = 'C';
			$type = 'N';

		} elsif ($cur =~/^(return|else|goto|typeof|__typeof__)\b/o) {
			print "KEYWORD($1)\n" if ($dbg_values > 1);
			$type = 'N';

		} elsif ($cur =~ /^(\()/o) {
			print "PAREN('$1')\n" if ($dbg_values > 1);
			push(@av_paren_type, $av_pending);
			$av_pending = '_';
			$type = 'N';

		} elsif ($cur =~ /^(\))/o) {
			my $new_type = pop(@av_paren_type);
			if ($new_type ne '_') {
				$type = $new_type;
				print "PAREN('$1') -> $type\n"
							if ($dbg_values > 1);
			} else {
				print "PAREN('$1')\n" if ($dbg_values > 1);
			}

		} elsif ($cur =~ /^($Ident)\s*\(/o) {
			print "FUNC($1)\n" if ($dbg_values > 1);
			$type = 'V';
			$av_pending = 'V';

		} elsif ($cur =~ /^($Ident\s*):(?:\s*\d+\s*(,|=|;))?/) {
			if (defined $2 && $type eq 'C' || $type eq 'T') {
				$av_pend_colon = 'B';
			} elsif ($type eq 'E') {
				$av_pend_colon = 'L';
			}
			print "IDENT_COLON($1,$type>$av_pend_colon)\n" if ($dbg_values > 1);
			$type = 'V';

		} elsif ($cur =~ /^($Ident|$Constant)/o) {
			print "IDENT($1)\n" if ($dbg_values > 1);
			$type = 'V';

		} elsif ($cur =~ /^($Assignment)/o) {
			print "ASSIGN($1)\n" if ($dbg_values > 1);
			$type = 'N';

		} elsif ($cur =~/^(;|{|})/) {
			print "END($1)\n" if ($dbg_values > 1);
			$type = 'E';
			$av_pend_colon = 'O';

		} elsif ($cur =~/^(,)/) {
			print "COMMA($1)\n" if ($dbg_values > 1);
			$type = 'C';

		} elsif ($cur =~ /^(\?)/o) {
			print "QUESTION($1)\n" if ($dbg_values > 1);
			$type = 'N';

		} elsif ($cur =~ /^(:)/o) {
			print "COLON($1,$av_pend_colon)\n" if ($dbg_values > 1);

			substr($var, length($res), 1, $av_pend_colon);
			if ($av_pend_colon eq 'C' || $av_pend_colon eq 'L') {
				$type = 'E';
			} else {
				$type = 'N';
			}
			$av_pend_colon = 'O';

		} elsif ($cur =~ /^(\[)/o) {
			print "CLOSE($1)\n" if ($dbg_values > 1);
			$type = 'N';

		} elsif ($cur =~ /^(-(?![->])|\+(?!\+)|\*|\&\&|\&)/o) {
			my $variant;

			print "OPV($1)\n" if ($dbg_values > 1);
			if ($type eq 'V') {
				$variant = 'B';
			} else {
				$variant = 'U';
			}

			substr($var, length($res), 1, $variant);
			$type = 'N';

		} elsif ($cur =~ /^($Operators)/o) {
			print "OP($1)\n" if ($dbg_values > 1);
			if ($1 ne '++' && $1 ne '--') {
				$type = 'N';
			}

		} elsif ($cur =~ /(^.)/o) {
			print "C($1)\n" if ($dbg_values > 1);
		}
		if (defined $1) {
			$cur = substr($cur, length($1));
			$res .= $type x length($1);
		}
	}

	return ($res, $var);
}

sub possible {
	my ($possible, $line) = @_;
	my $notPermitted = qr{(?:
		^(?:
			$Modifier|
			$Storage|
			$Type|
			DEFINE_\S+
		)$|
		^(?:
			goto|
			return|
			case|
			else|
			asm|__asm__|
1013 1014 1015
			do|
			\#|
			\#\#
1016 1017 1018 1019 1020 1021 1022 1023 1024 1025 1026 1027 1028 1029 1030 1031 1032 1033 1034 1035 1036 1037 1038 1039 1040 1041 1042 1043 1044 1045 1046 1047 1048 1049 1050 1051 1052 1053 1054 1055 1056 1057 1058 1059 1060 1061 1062 1063 1064 1065 1066 1067 1068 1069 1070 1071 1072 1073 1074 1075 1076 1077 1078 1079 1080 1081 1082 1083 1084 1085 1086 1087 1088 1089 1090 1091 1092 1093 1094 1095 1096 1097 1098 1099 1100 1101 1102 1103 1104 1105 1106 1107 1108 1109 1110 1111 1112 1113 1114 1115 1116 1117 1118 1119 1120 1121 1122 1123 1124 1125 1126 1127 1128 1129 1130 1131 1132 1133 1134 1135 1136 1137 1138 1139 1140 1141 1142 1143 1144 1145 1146 1147 1148 1149 1150 1151 1152 1153 1154 1155 1156 1157 1158 1159 1160 1161 1162 1163 1164 1165 1166 1167 1168 1169 1170 1171 1172 1173 1174 1175 1176 1177 1178 1179 1180 1181 1182 1183 1184 1185 1186 1187 1188 1189 1190 1191 1192 1193 1194 1195 1196 1197 1198 1199 1200 1201 1202 1203 1204 1205 1206 1207 1208 1209 1210 1211 1212 1213 1214 1215 1216 1217 1218 1219 1220 1221 1222 1223 1224 1225 1226 1227 1228 1229 1230 1231 1232 1233 1234 1235 1236 1237 1238 1239 1240 1241 1242 1243 1244 1245 1246 1247 1248 1249 1250 1251 1252 1253 1254 1255 1256 1257 1258 1259 1260 1261 1262 1263 1264 1265 1266 1267 1268 1269 1270 1271 1272 1273 1274 1275
		)(?:\s|$)|
		^(?:typedef|struct|enum)\b
	    )}x;
	warn "CHECK<$possible> ($line)\n" if ($dbg_possible > 2);
	if ($possible !~ $notPermitted) {
		# Check for modifiers.
		$possible =~ s/\s*$Storage\s*//g;
		$possible =~ s/\s*$Sparse\s*//g;
		if ($possible =~ /^\s*$/) {

		} elsif ($possible =~ /\s/) {
			$possible =~ s/\s*$Type\s*//g;
			for my $modifier (split(' ', $possible)) {
				if ($modifier !~ $notPermitted) {
					warn "MODIFIER: $modifier ($possible) ($line)\n" if ($dbg_possible);
					push(@modifierList, $modifier);
				}
			}

		} else {
			warn "POSSIBLE: $possible ($line)\n" if ($dbg_possible);
			push(@typeList, $possible);
		}
		build_types();
	} else {
		warn "NOTPOSS: $possible ($line)\n" if ($dbg_possible > 1);
	}
}

my $prefix = '';

sub report {
	if (defined $tst_only && $_[0] !~ /\Q$tst_only\E/) {
		return 0;
	}
	my $line = $prefix . $_[0];

	$line = (split('\n', $line))[0] . "\n" if ($terse);

	push(our @report, $line);

	return 1;
}
sub report_dump {
	our @report;
}
sub ERROR {
	if (report("ERROR: $_[0]\n")) {
		our $clean = 0;
		our $cnt_error++;
	}
}
sub WARN {
	if (report("WARNING: $_[0]\n")) {
		our $clean = 0;
		our $cnt_warn++;
	}
}
sub CHK {
	if ($check && report("CHECK: $_[0]\n")) {
		our $clean = 0;
		our $cnt_chk++;
	}
}

sub process {
	my $filename = shift;

	my $linenr=0;
	my $prevline="";
	my $prevrawline="";
	my $stashline="";
	my $stashrawline="";

	my $length;
	my $indent;
	my $previndent=0;
	my $stashindent=0;

	our $clean = 1;
	my $signoff = 0;
	my $is_patch = 0;

	our @report = ();
	our $cnt_lines = 0;
	our $cnt_error = 0;
	our $cnt_warn = 0;
	our $cnt_chk = 0;

	# Trace the real file/line as we go.
	my $realfile = '';
	my $realline = 0;
	my $realcnt = 0;
	my $here = '';
	my $in_comment = 0;
	my $comment_edge = 0;
	my $first_line = 0;
	my $p1_prefix = '';

	my $prev_values = 'E';

	# suppression flags
	my %suppress_ifbraces;
	my %suppress_whiletrailers;
	my %suppress_export;

	# Pre-scan the patch sanitizing the lines.

	sanitise_line_reset();
	my $line;
	foreach my $rawline (@rawlines) {
		$linenr++;
		$line = $rawline;

		if ($rawline=~/^\@\@ -\d+(?:,\d+)? \+(\d+)(,(\d+))? \@\@/) {
			$realline=$1-1;
			if (defined $2) {
				$realcnt=$3+1;
			} else {
				$realcnt=1+1;
			}
			$in_comment = 0;

			# Guestimate if this is a continuing comment.  Run
			# the context looking for a comment "edge".  If this
			# edge is a close comment then we must be in a comment
			# at context start.
			my $edge;
			my $cnt = $realcnt;
			for (my $ln = $linenr + 1; $cnt > 0; $ln++) {
				next if (defined $rawlines[$ln - 1] &&
					 $rawlines[$ln - 1] =~ /^-/);
				$cnt--;
				#print "RAW<$rawlines[$ln - 1]>\n";
				last if (!defined $rawlines[$ln - 1]);
				if ($rawlines[$ln - 1] =~ m@(/\*|\*/)@ &&
				    $rawlines[$ln - 1] !~ m@"[^"]*(?:/\*|\*/)[^"]*"@) {
					($edge) = $1;
					last;
				}
			}
			if (defined $edge && $edge eq '*/') {
				$in_comment = 1;
			}

			# Guestimate if this is a continuing comment.  If this
			# is the start of a diff block and this line starts
			# ' *' then it is very likely a comment.
			if (!defined $edge &&
			    $rawlines[$linenr] =~ m@^.\s*(?:\*\*+| \*)(?:\s|$)@)
			{
				$in_comment = 1;
			}

			##print "COMMENT:$in_comment edge<$edge> $rawline\n";
			sanitise_line_reset($in_comment);

		} elsif ($realcnt && $rawline =~ /^(?:\+| |$)/) {
			# Standardise the strings and chars within the input to
			# simplify matching -- only bother with positive lines.
			$line = sanitise_line($rawline);
		}
		push(@lines, $line);

		if ($realcnt > 1) {
			$realcnt-- if ($line =~ /^(?:\+| |$)/);
		} else {
			$realcnt = 0;
		}

		#print "==>$rawline\n";
		#print "-->$line\n";
	}

	$prefix = '';

	$realcnt = 0;
	$linenr = 0;
	foreach my $line (@lines) {
		$linenr++;

		my $rawline = $rawlines[$linenr - 1];

#extract the line range in the file after the patch is applied
		if ($line=~/^\@\@ -\d+(?:,\d+)? \+(\d+)(,(\d+))? \@\@/) {
			$is_patch = 1;
			$first_line = $linenr + 1;
			$realline=$1-1;
			if (defined $2) {
				$realcnt=$3+1;
			} else {
				$realcnt=1+1;
			}
			annotate_reset();
			$prev_values = 'E';

			%suppress_ifbraces = ();
			%suppress_whiletrailers = ();
			%suppress_export = ();
			next;

# track the line number as we move through the hunk, note that
# new versions of GNU diff omit the leading space on completely
# blank context lines so we need to count that too.
		} elsif ($line =~ /^( |\+|$)/) {
			$realline++;
			$realcnt-- if ($realcnt != 0);

			# Measure the line length and indent.
			($length, $indent) = line_stats($rawline);

			# Track the previous line.
			($prevline, $stashline) = ($stashline, $line);
			($previndent, $stashindent) = ($stashindent, $indent);
			($prevrawline, $stashrawline) = ($stashrawline, $rawline);

			#warn "line<$line>\n";

		} elsif ($realcnt == 1) {
			$realcnt--;
		}

		my $hunk_line = ($realcnt != 0);

#make up the handle for any error we report on this line
		$prefix = "$filename:$realline: " if ($emacs && $file);
		$prefix = "$filename:$linenr: " if ($emacs && !$file);

		$here = "#$linenr: " if (!$file);
		$here = "#$realline: " if ($file);

		# extract the filename as it passes
		if ($line =~ /^diff --git.*?(\S+)$/) {
			$realfile = $1;
			$realfile =~ s@^([^/]*)/@@;

		} elsif ($line =~ /^\+\+\+\s+(\S+)/) {
			$realfile = $1;
			$realfile =~ s@^([^/]*)/@@;

			$p1_prefix = $1;
			if (!$file && $tree && $p1_prefix ne '' &&
			    -e "$root/$p1_prefix") {
				WARN("patch prefix '$p1_prefix' exists, appears to be a -p0 patch\n");
			}

			next;
		}

		$here .= "FILE: $realfile:$realline:" if ($realcnt != 0);

		my $hereline = "$here\n$rawline\n";
		my $herecurr = "$here\n$rawline\n";
		my $hereprev = "$here\n$prevrawline\n$rawline\n";

		$cnt_lines++ if ($realcnt != 0);

# Check for incorrect file permissions
		if ($line =~ /^new (file )?mode.*[7531]\d{0,2}$/) {
			my $permhere = $here . "FILE: $realfile\n";
1276
			if ($realfile =~ /(\bMakefile(?:\.objs)?|\.c|\.cc|\.cpp|\.h|\.mak|\.[sS])$/) {
1277 1278 1279 1280 1281 1282 1283 1284 1285 1286 1287 1288 1289 1290 1291 1292 1293 1294 1295 1296 1297 1298 1299 1300 1301 1302 1303 1304 1305 1306 1307 1308 1309 1310 1311 1312 1313 1314 1315 1316 1317 1318 1319 1320 1321 1322 1323 1324 1325 1326 1327
				ERROR("do not set execute permissions for source files\n" . $permhere);
			}
		}

#check the patch for a signoff:
		if ($line =~ /^\s*signed-off-by:/i) {
			# This is a signoff, if ugly, so do not double report.
			$signoff++;
			if (!($line =~ /^\s*Signed-off-by:/)) {
				WARN("Signed-off-by: is the preferred form\n" .
					$herecurr);
			}
			if ($line =~ /^\s*signed-off-by:\S/i) {
				WARN("space required after Signed-off-by:\n" .
					$herecurr);
			}
		}

# Check for wrappage within a valid hunk of the file
		if ($realcnt != 0 && $line !~ m{^(?:\+|-| |\\ No newline|$)}) {
			ERROR("patch seems to be corrupt (line wrapped?)\n" .
				$herecurr) if (!$emitted_corrupt++);
		}

# UTF-8 regex found at http://www.w3.org/International/questions/qa-forms-utf-8.en.php
		if (($realfile =~ /^$/ || $line =~ /^\+/) &&
		    $rawline !~ m/^$UTF8*$/) {
			my ($utf8_prefix) = ($rawline =~ /^($UTF8*)/);

			my $blank = copy_spacing($rawline);
			my $ptr = substr($blank, 0, length($utf8_prefix)) . "^";
			my $hereptr = "$hereline$ptr\n";

			ERROR("Invalid UTF-8, patch and commit message should be encoded in UTF-8\n" . $hereptr);
		}

# ignore non-hunk lines and lines being removed
		next if (!$hunk_line || $line =~ /^-/);

#trailing whitespace
		if ($line =~ /^\+.*\015/) {
			my $herevet = "$here\n" . cat_vet($rawline) . "\n";
			ERROR("DOS line endings\n" . $herevet);

		} elsif ($rawline =~ /^\+.*\S\s+$/ || $rawline =~ /^\+\s+$/) {
			my $herevet = "$here\n" . cat_vet($rawline) . "\n";
			ERROR("trailing whitespace\n" . $herevet);
			$rpt_cleaners = 1;
		}

# check we are in a valid source file if not then ignore this hunk
1328
		next if ($realfile !~ /\.(h|c|cpp|s|S|pl|sh)$/);
1329 1330

#80 column limit
1331 1332
		if ($line =~ /^\+/ &&
		    !($line =~ /^\+\s*"[^"]*"\s*(?:\s*|,|\)\s*;)\s*$/) &&
1333 1334 1335 1336 1337 1338 1339 1340 1341 1342 1343 1344 1345 1346 1347 1348
		    $length > 80)
		{
			WARN("line over 80 characters\n" . $herecurr);
		}

# check for spaces before a quoted newline
		if ($rawline =~ /^.*\".*\s\\n/) {
			WARN("unnecessary whitespace before a quoted newline\n" . $herecurr);
		}

# check for adding lines without a newline.
		if ($line =~ /^\+/ && defined $lines[$linenr] && $lines[$linenr] =~ /^\\ No newline at end of file/) {
			WARN("adding a line without newline at end of file\n" . $herecurr);
		}

# check we are in a valid source file C or perl if not then ignore this hunk
1349
		next if ($realfile !~ /\.(h|c|cpp|pl)$/);
1350

1351
# in QEMU, no tabs are allowed
1352
		if ($rawline =~ /^\+.*\t/) {
1353
			my $herevet = "$here\n" . cat_vet($rawline) . "\n";
1354
			ERROR("code indent should never use tabs\n" . $herevet);
1355 1356 1357 1358
			$rpt_cleaners = 1;
		}

# check we are in a valid C source file if not then ignore this hunk
1359
		next if ($realfile !~ /\.(h|c|cpp)$/);
1360 1361 1362 1363 1364 1365 1366 1367 1368 1369 1370 1371 1372 1373 1374 1375 1376 1377 1378 1379 1380 1381 1382 1383 1384 1385 1386 1387 1388 1389 1390 1391 1392 1393 1394 1395 1396 1397 1398 1399 1400 1401 1402 1403 1404 1405 1406 1407 1408 1409 1410 1411 1412 1413 1414 1415 1416 1417 1418 1419 1420 1421 1422 1423 1424 1425 1426 1427 1428 1429 1430 1431 1432 1433 1434 1435 1436 1437 1438 1439 1440 1441 1442 1443 1444 1445 1446 1447 1448 1449 1450 1451 1452 1453 1454 1455 1456 1457 1458 1459 1460 1461 1462 1463 1464 1465 1466 1467 1468 1469 1470 1471 1472 1473 1474 1475 1476 1477 1478

# check for RCS/CVS revision markers
		if ($rawline =~ /^\+.*\$(Revision|Log|Id)(?:\$|)/) {
			WARN("CVS style keyword markers, these will _not_ be updated\n". $herecurr);
		}

# Check for potential 'bare' types
		my ($stat, $cond, $line_nr_next, $remain_next, $off_next,
		    $realline_next);
		if ($realcnt && $line =~ /.\s*\S/) {
			($stat, $cond, $line_nr_next, $remain_next, $off_next) =
				ctx_statement_block($linenr, $realcnt, 0);
			$stat =~ s/\n./\n /g;
			$cond =~ s/\n./\n /g;

			# Find the real next line.
			$realline_next = $line_nr_next;
			if (defined $realline_next &&
			    (!defined $lines[$realline_next - 1] ||
			     substr($lines[$realline_next - 1], $off_next) =~ /^\s*$/)) {
				$realline_next++;
			}

			my $s = $stat;
			$s =~ s/{.*$//s;

			# Ignore goto labels.
			if ($s =~ /$Ident:\*$/s) {

			# Ignore functions being called
			} elsif ($s =~ /^.\s*$Ident\s*\(/s) {

			} elsif ($s =~ /^.\s*else\b/s) {

			# declarations always start with types
			} elsif ($prev_values eq 'E' && $s =~ /^.\s*(?:$Storage\s+)?(?:$Inline\s+)?(?:const\s+)?((?:\s*$Ident)+?)\b(?:\s+$Sparse)?\s*\**\s*(?:$Ident|\(\*[^\)]*\))(?:\s*$Modifier)?\s*(?:;|=|,|\()/s) {
				my $type = $1;
				$type =~ s/\s+/ /g;
				possible($type, "A:" . $s);

			# definitions in global scope can only start with types
			} elsif ($s =~ /^.(?:$Storage\s+)?(?:$Inline\s+)?(?:const\s+)?($Ident)\b\s*(?!:)/s) {
				possible($1, "B:" . $s);
			}

			# any (foo ... *) is a pointer cast, and foo is a type
			while ($s =~ /\(($Ident)(?:\s+$Sparse)*[\s\*]+\s*\)/sg) {
				possible($1, "C:" . $s);
			}

			# Check for any sort of function declaration.
			# int foo(something bar, other baz);
			# void (*store_gdt)(x86_descr_ptr *);
			if ($prev_values eq 'E' && $s =~ /^(.(?:typedef\s*)?(?:(?:$Storage|$Inline)\s*)*\s*$Type\s*(?:\b$Ident|\(\*\s*$Ident\))\s*)\(/s) {
				my ($name_len) = length($1);

				my $ctx = $s;
				substr($ctx, 0, $name_len + 1, '');
				$ctx =~ s/\)[^\)]*$//;

				for my $arg (split(/\s*,\s*/, $ctx)) {
					if ($arg =~ /^(?:const\s+)?($Ident)(?:\s+$Sparse)*\s*\**\s*(:?\b$Ident)?$/s || $arg =~ /^($Ident)$/s) {

						possible($1, "D:" . $s);
					}
				}
			}

		}

#
# Checks which may be anchored in the context.
#

# Check for switch () and associated case and default
# statements should be at the same indent.
		if ($line=~/\bswitch\s*\(.*\)/) {
			my $err = '';
			my $sep = '';
			my @ctx = ctx_block_outer($linenr, $realcnt);
			shift(@ctx);
			for my $ctx (@ctx) {
				my ($clen, $cindent) = line_stats($ctx);
				if ($ctx =~ /^\+\s*(case\s+|default:)/ &&
							$indent != $cindent) {
					$err .= "$sep$ctx\n";
					$sep = '';
				} else {
					$sep = "[...]\n";
				}
			}
			if ($err ne '') {
				ERROR("switch and case should be at the same indent\n$hereline$err");
			}
		}

# if/while/etc brace do not go on next line, unless defining a do while loop,
# or if that brace on the next line is for something else
		if ($line =~ /(.*)\b((?:if|while|for|switch)\s*\(|do\b|else\b)/ && $line !~ /^.\s*\#/) {
			my $pre_ctx = "$1$2";

			my ($level, @ctx) = ctx_statement_level($linenr, $realcnt, 0);
			my $ctx_cnt = $realcnt - $#ctx - 1;
			my $ctx = join("\n", @ctx);

			my $ctx_ln = $linenr;
			my $ctx_skip = $realcnt;

			while ($ctx_skip > $ctx_cnt || ($ctx_skip == $ctx_cnt &&
					defined $lines[$ctx_ln - 1] &&
					$lines[$ctx_ln - 1] =~ /^-/)) {
				##print "SKIP<$ctx_skip> CNT<$ctx_cnt>\n";
				$ctx_skip-- if (!defined $lines[$ctx_ln - 1] || $lines[$ctx_ln - 1] !~ /^-/);
				$ctx_ln++;
			}

			#print "realcnt<$realcnt> ctx_cnt<$ctx_cnt>\n";
			#print "pre<$pre_ctx>\nline<$line>\nctx<$ctx>\nnext<$lines[$ctx_ln - 1]>\n";

1479 1480 1481 1482 1483
			# The length of the "previous line" is checked against 80 because it
			# includes the + at the beginning of the line (if the actual line has
			# 79 or 80 characters, it is no longer possible to add a space and an
			# opening brace there)
			if ($#ctx == 0 && $ctx !~ /{\s*/ &&
1484
			    defined($lines[$ctx_ln - 1]) && $lines[$ctx_ln - 1] =~ /^\+\s*\{/ &&
1485
			    defined($lines[$ctx_ln - 2]) && length($lines[$ctx_ln - 2]) < 80) {
1486 1487 1488 1489 1490 1491 1492 1493 1494 1495 1496 1497 1498 1499 1500 1501 1502 1503 1504 1505 1506 1507 1508 1509 1510 1511 1512 1513 1514 1515 1516 1517 1518 1519 1520 1521 1522 1523
				ERROR("that open brace { should be on the previous line\n" .
					"$here\n$ctx\n$rawlines[$ctx_ln - 1]\n");
			}
			if ($level == 0 && $pre_ctx !~ /}\s*while\s*\($/ &&
			    $ctx =~ /\)\s*\;\s*$/ &&
			    defined $lines[$ctx_ln - 1])
			{
				my ($nlength, $nindent) = line_stats($lines[$ctx_ln - 1]);
				if ($nindent > $indent) {
					WARN("trailing semicolon indicates no statements, indent implies otherwise\n" .
						"$here\n$ctx\n$rawlines[$ctx_ln - 1]\n");
				}
			}
		}

# Check relative indent for conditionals and blocks.
		if ($line =~ /\b(?:(?:if|while|for)\s*\(|do\b)/ && $line !~ /^.\s*#/ && $line !~ /\}\s*while\s*/) {
			my ($s, $c) = ($stat, $cond);

			substr($s, 0, length($c), '');

			# Make sure we remove the line prefixes as we have
			# none on the first line, and are going to readd them
			# where necessary.
			$s =~ s/\n./\n/gs;

			# Find out how long the conditional actually is.
			my @newlines = ($c =~ /\n/gs);
			my $cond_lines = 1 + $#newlines;

			# We want to check the first line inside the block
			# starting at the end of the conditional, so remove:
			#  1) any blank line termination
			#  2) any opening brace { on end of the line
			#  3) any do (...) {
			my $continuation = 0;
			my $check = 0;
			$s =~ s/^.*\bdo\b//;
1524
			$s =~ s/^\s*\{//;
1525 1526 1527 1528 1529 1530 1531 1532 1533 1534 1535 1536 1537 1538 1539 1540 1541 1542 1543 1544 1545 1546 1547 1548 1549 1550 1551 1552 1553 1554 1555 1556 1557 1558 1559 1560 1561 1562 1563 1564 1565 1566 1567 1568 1569 1570 1571 1572 1573 1574 1575 1576 1577 1578 1579 1580
			if ($s =~ s/^\s*\\//) {
				$continuation = 1;
			}
			if ($s =~ s/^\s*?\n//) {
				$check = 1;
				$cond_lines++;
			}

			# Also ignore a loop construct at the end of a
			# preprocessor statement.
			if (($prevline =~ /^.\s*#\s*define\s/ ||
			    $prevline =~ /\\\s*$/) && $continuation == 0) {
				$check = 0;
			}

			my $cond_ptr = -1;
			$continuation = 0;
			while ($cond_ptr != $cond_lines) {
				$cond_ptr = $cond_lines;

				# If we see an #else/#elif then the code
				# is not linear.
				if ($s =~ /^\s*\#\s*(?:else|elif)/) {
					$check = 0;
				}

				# Ignore:
				#  1) blank lines, they should be at 0,
				#  2) preprocessor lines, and
				#  3) labels.
				if ($continuation ||
				    $s =~ /^\s*?\n/ ||
				    $s =~ /^\s*#\s*?/ ||
				    $s =~ /^\s*$Ident\s*:/) {
					$continuation = ($s =~ /^.*?\\\n/) ? 1 : 0;
					if ($s =~ s/^.*?\n//) {
						$cond_lines++;
					}
				}
			}

			my (undef, $sindent) = line_stats("+" . $s);
			my $stat_real = raw_line($linenr, $cond_lines);

			# Check if either of these lines are modified, else
			# this is not this patch's fault.
			if (!defined($stat_real) ||
			    $stat !~ /^\+/ && $stat_real !~ /^\+/) {
				$check = 0;
			}
			if (defined($stat_real) && $cond_lines > 1) {
				$stat_real = "[...]\n$stat_real";
			}

			#print "line<$line> prevline<$prevline> indent<$indent> sindent<$sindent> check<$check> continuation<$continuation> s<$s> cond_lines<$cond_lines> stat_real<$stat_real> stat<$stat>\n";

1581
			if ($check && (($sindent % 4) != 0 ||
1582 1583 1584 1585 1586 1587 1588 1589 1590 1591 1592 1593 1594 1595 1596 1597 1598 1599 1600 1601 1602 1603 1604 1605 1606 1607 1608 1609 1610 1611 1612 1613 1614 1615 1616 1617 1618 1619 1620 1621 1622
			    ($sindent <= $indent && $s ne ''))) {
				WARN("suspect code indent for conditional statements ($indent, $sindent)\n" . $herecurr . "$stat_real\n");
			}
		}

		# Track the 'values' across context and added lines.
		my $opline = $line; $opline =~ s/^./ /;
		my ($curr_values, $curr_vars) =
				annotate_values($opline . "\n", $prev_values);
		$curr_values = $prev_values . $curr_values;
		if ($dbg_values) {
			my $outline = $opline; $outline =~ s/\t/ /g;
			print "$linenr > .$outline\n";
			print "$linenr > $curr_values\n";
			print "$linenr >  $curr_vars\n";
		}
		$prev_values = substr($curr_values, -1);

#ignore lines not being added
		if ($line=~/^[^\+]/) {next;}

# TEST: allow direct testing of the type matcher.
		if ($dbg_type) {
			if ($line =~ /^.\s*$Declare\s*$/) {
				ERROR("TEST: is type\n" . $herecurr);
			} elsif ($dbg_type > 1 && $line =~ /^.+($Declare)/) {
				ERROR("TEST: is not type ($1 is)\n". $herecurr);
			}
			next;
		}
# TEST: allow direct testing of the attribute matcher.
		if ($dbg_attr) {
			if ($line =~ /^.\s*$Modifier\s*$/) {
				ERROR("TEST: is attr\n" . $herecurr);
			} elsif ($dbg_attr > 1 && $line =~ /^.+($Modifier)/) {
				ERROR("TEST: is not attr ($1 is)\n". $herecurr);
			}
			next;
		}

# check for initialisation to aggregates open brace on the next line
1623
		if ($line =~ /^.\s*\{/ &&
1624 1625 1626 1627 1628 1629 1630 1631 1632 1633 1634 1635 1636 1637 1638 1639 1640 1641 1642 1643 1644 1645 1646 1647 1648 1649 1650 1651 1652 1653 1654 1655 1656 1657 1658 1659 1660 1661 1662 1663 1664 1665 1666 1667 1668 1669 1670 1671 1672 1673 1674 1675 1676 1677 1678 1679 1680 1681 1682 1683 1684 1685 1686 1687 1688 1689 1690 1691 1692 1693 1694 1695 1696 1697
		    $prevline =~ /(?:^|[^=])=\s*$/) {
			ERROR("that open brace { should be on the previous line\n" . $hereprev);
		}

#
# Checks which are anchored on the added line.
#

# check for malformed paths in #include statements (uses RAW line)
		if ($rawline =~ m{^.\s*\#\s*include\s+[<"](.*)[">]}) {
			my $path = $1;
			if ($path =~ m{//}) {
				ERROR("malformed #include filename\n" .
					$herecurr);
			}
		}

# no C99 // comments
		if ($line =~ m{//}) {
			ERROR("do not use C99 // comments\n" . $herecurr);
		}
		# Remove C99 comments.
		$line =~ s@//.*@@;
		$opline =~ s@//.*@@;

# check for global initialisers.
		if ($line =~ /^.$Type\s*$Ident\s*(?:\s+$Modifier)*\s*=\s*(0|NULL|false)\s*;/) {
			ERROR("do not initialise globals to 0 or NULL\n" .
				$herecurr);
		}
# check for static initialisers.
		if ($line =~ /\bstatic\s.*=\s*(0|NULL|false)\s*;/) {
			ERROR("do not initialise statics to 0 or NULL\n" .
				$herecurr);
		}

# * goes on variable not on type
		# (char*[ const])
		if ($line =~ m{\($NonptrType(\s*(?:$Modifier\b\s*|\*\s*)+)\)}) {
			my ($from, $to) = ($1, $1);

			# Should start with a space.
			$to =~ s/^(\S)/ $1/;
			# Should not end with a space.
			$to =~ s/\s+$//;
			# '*'s should not have spaces between.
			while ($to =~ s/\*\s+\*/\*\*/) {
			}

			#print "from<$from> to<$to>\n";
			if ($from ne $to) {
				ERROR("\"(foo$from)\" should be \"(foo$to)\"\n" .  $herecurr);
			}
		} elsif ($line =~ m{\b$NonptrType(\s*(?:$Modifier\b\s*|\*\s*)+)($Ident)}) {
			my ($from, $to, $ident) = ($1, $1, $2);

			# Should start with a space.
			$to =~ s/^(\S)/ $1/;
			# Should not end with a space.
			$to =~ s/\s+$//;
			# '*'s should not have spaces between.
			while ($to =~ s/\*\s+\*/\*\*/) {
			}
			# Modifiers should have spaces.
			$to =~ s/(\b$Modifier$)/$1 /;

			#print "from<$from> to<$to> ident<$ident>\n";
			if ($from ne $to && $ident !~ /^$Modifier$/) {
				ERROR("\"foo${from}bar\" should be \"foo${to}bar\"\n" .  $herecurr);
			}
		}

# function brace can't be on same line, except for #defines of do while,
# or if closed on same line
1698 1699
		if (($line=~/$Type\s*$Ident\(.*\).*\s\{/) and
		    !($line=~/\#\s*define.*do\s\{/) and !($line=~/}/)) {
1700 1701 1702 1703
			ERROR("open brace '{' following function declarations go on the next line\n" . $herecurr);
		}

# open braces for enum, union and struct go on the same line.
1704
		if ($line =~ /^.\s*\{/ &&
1705 1706 1707 1708 1709 1710
		    $prevline =~ /^.\s*(?:typedef\s+)?(enum|union|struct)(?:\s+$Ident)?\s*$/) {
			ERROR("open brace '{' following $1 go on the same line\n" . $hereprev);
		}

# missing space after union, struct or enum definition
		if ($line =~ /^.\s*(?:typedef\s+)?(enum|union|struct)(?:\s+$Ident)?(?:\s+$Ident)?[=\{]/) {
1711
		    ERROR("missing space after $1 definition\n" . $herecurr);
1712 1713 1714 1715 1716 1717
		}

# check for spacing round square brackets; allowed:
#  1. with a type on the left -- int [] a;
#  2. at the beginning of a line for slice initialisers -- [0...10] = 5,
#  3. inside a curly brace -- = { [0...10] = 5 }
1718
#  4. after a comma -- [1] = 5, [2] = 6
1719
#  5. in a macro definition -- #define abc(x) [x] = y
1720 1721 1722 1723
		while ($line =~ /(.*?\s)\[/g) {
			my ($where, $prefix) = ($-[1], $1);
			if ($prefix !~ /$Type\s+$/ &&
			    ($where != 0 || $prefix !~ /^.\s+$/) &&
1724
			    $prefix !~ /{\s+$/ &&
1725
			    $prefix !~ /\#\s*define[^(]*\([^)]*\)\s+$/ &&
1726
			    $prefix !~ /,\s+$/) {
1727 1728 1729 1730 1731 1732 1733 1734 1735 1736 1737 1738 1739 1740 1741 1742 1743 1744
				ERROR("space prohibited before open square bracket '['\n" . $herecurr);
			}
		}

# check for spaces between functions and their parentheses.
		while ($line =~ /($Ident)\s+\(/g) {
			my $name = $1;
			my $ctx_before = substr($line, 0, $-[1]);
			my $ctx = "$ctx_before$name";

			# Ignore those directives where spaces _are_ permitted.
			if ($name =~ /^(?:
				if|for|while|switch|return|case|
				volatile|__volatile__|
				__attribute__|format|__extension__|
				asm|__asm__)$/x)
			{

1745 1746 1747
			# Ignore 'catch (...)' in C++
			} elsif ($name =~ /^catch$/ && $realfile =~ /(\.cpp|\.h)$/) {

1748 1749 1750 1751 1752 1753 1754 1755 1756 1757 1758 1759 1760 1761 1762 1763 1764 1765 1766 1767 1768 1769 1770
			# cpp #define statements have non-optional spaces, ie
			# if there is a space between the name and the open
			# parenthesis it is simply not a parameter group.
			} elsif ($ctx_before =~ /^.\s*\#\s*define\s*$/) {

			# cpp #elif statement condition may start with a (
			} elsif ($ctx =~ /^.\s*\#\s*elif\s*$/) {

			# If this whole things ends with a type its most
			# likely a typedef for a function.
			} elsif ($ctx =~ /$Type$/) {

			} else {
				WARN("space prohibited between function name and open parenthesis '('\n" . $herecurr);
			}
		}
# Check operator spacing.
		if (!($line=~/\#\s*include/)) {
			my $ops = qr{
				<<=|>>=|<=|>=|==|!=|
				\+=|-=|\*=|\/=|%=|\^=|\|=|&=|
				=>|->|<<|>>|<|>|=|!|~|
				&&|\|\||,|\^|\+\+|--|&|\||\+|-|\*|\/|%|
1771
				\?|::|:
1772 1773 1774 1775 1776 1777 1778 1779 1780
			}x;
			my @elements = split(/($ops|;)/, $opline);
			my $off = 0;

			my $blank = copy_spacing($opline);

			for (my $n = 0; $n < $#elements; $n += 2) {
				$off += length($elements[$n]);

1781
				# Pick up the preceding and succeeding characters.
1782 1783 1784 1785 1786 1787 1788 1789 1790 1791 1792 1793 1794 1795 1796 1797 1798 1799 1800 1801 1802 1803 1804 1805 1806 1807 1808 1809 1810 1811 1812 1813 1814 1815 1816 1817 1818 1819 1820 1821 1822 1823 1824 1825 1826 1827 1828 1829 1830 1831 1832 1833 1834 1835 1836 1837 1838 1839 1840
				my $ca = substr($opline, 0, $off);
				my $cc = '';
				if (length($opline) >= ($off + length($elements[$n + 1]))) {
					$cc = substr($opline, $off + length($elements[$n + 1]));
				}
				my $cb = "$ca$;$cc";

				my $a = '';
				$a = 'V' if ($elements[$n] ne '');
				$a = 'W' if ($elements[$n] =~ /\s$/);
				$a = 'C' if ($elements[$n] =~ /$;$/);
				$a = 'B' if ($elements[$n] =~ /(\[|\()$/);
				$a = 'O' if ($elements[$n] eq '');
				$a = 'E' if ($ca =~ /^\s*$/);

				my $op = $elements[$n + 1];

				my $c = '';
				if (defined $elements[$n + 2]) {
					$c = 'V' if ($elements[$n + 2] ne '');
					$c = 'W' if ($elements[$n + 2] =~ /^\s/);
					$c = 'C' if ($elements[$n + 2] =~ /^$;/);
					$c = 'B' if ($elements[$n + 2] =~ /^(\)|\]|;)/);
					$c = 'O' if ($elements[$n + 2] eq '');
					$c = 'E' if ($elements[$n + 2] =~ /^\s*\\$/);
				} else {
					$c = 'E';
				}

				my $ctx = "${a}x${c}";

				my $at = "(ctx:$ctx)";

				my $ptr = substr($blank, 0, $off) . "^";
				my $hereptr = "$hereline$ptr\n";

				# Pull out the value of this operator.
				my $op_type = substr($curr_values, $off + 1, 1);

				# Get the full operator variant.
				my $opv = $op . substr($curr_vars, $off, 1);

				# Ignore operators passed as parameters.
				if ($op_type ne 'V' &&
				    $ca =~ /\s$/ && $cc =~ /^\s*,/) {

#				# Ignore comments
#				} elsif ($op =~ /^$;+$/) {

				# ; should have either the end of line or a space or \ after it
				} elsif ($op eq ';') {
					if ($ctx !~ /.x[WEBC]/ &&
					    $cc !~ /^\\/ && $cc !~ /^;/) {
						ERROR("space required after that '$op' $at\n" . $hereptr);
					}

				# // is a comment
				} elsif ($op eq '//') {

1841 1842 1843 1844
				# Ignore : used in class declaration in C++
				} elsif ($opv eq ':B' && $ctx =~ /Wx[WE]/ &&
						 $line =~ /class/ && $realfile =~ /(\.cpp|\.h)$/) {

1845 1846 1847 1848 1849 1850 1851 1852 1853
				# No spaces for:
				#   ->
				#   :   when part of a bitfield
				} elsif ($op eq '->' || $opv eq ':B') {
					if ($ctx =~ /Wx.|.xW/) {
						ERROR("spaces prohibited around that '$op' $at\n" . $hereptr);
					}

				# , must have a space on the right.
1854
                                # not required when having a single },{ on one line
1855
				} elsif ($op eq ',') {
1856
					if ($ctx !~ /.x[WEC]/ && $cc !~ /^}/ &&
1857
                                            ($elements[$n] . $elements[$n + 2]) !~ " *}\\{") {
1858 1859 1860 1861 1862 1863 1864 1865 1866 1867 1868 1869 1870
						ERROR("space required after that '$op' $at\n" . $hereptr);
					}

				# '*' as part of a type definition -- reported already.
				} elsif ($opv eq '*_') {
					#warn "'*' is part of type\n";

				# unary operators should have a space before and
				# none after.  May be left adjacent to another
				# unary operator, or a cast
				} elsif ($op eq '!' || $op eq '~' ||
					 $opv eq '*U' || $opv eq '-U' ||
					 $opv eq '&U' || $opv eq '&&U') {
1871 1872 1873 1874
					if ($op eq '~' && $ca =~ /::$/ && $realfile =~ /(\.cpp|\.h)$/) {
						# '~' used as a name of Destructor

					} elsif ($ctx !~ /[WEBC]x./ && $ca !~ /(?:\)|!|~|\*|-|\&|\||\+\+|\-\-|\{)$/) {
1875 1876 1877 1878 1879 1880 1881 1882 1883 1884 1885 1886 1887 1888 1889 1890 1891 1892 1893 1894 1895 1896 1897 1898 1899 1900 1901 1902 1903 1904 1905 1906 1907
						ERROR("space required before that '$op' $at\n" . $hereptr);
					}
					if ($op eq '*' && $cc =~/\s*$Modifier\b/) {
						# A unary '*' may be const

					} elsif ($ctx =~ /.xW/) {
						ERROR("space prohibited after that '$op' $at\n" . $hereptr);
					}

				# unary ++ and unary -- are allowed no space on one side.
				} elsif ($op eq '++' or $op eq '--') {
					if ($ctx !~ /[WEOBC]x[^W]/ && $ctx !~ /[^W]x[WOBEC]/) {
						ERROR("space required one side of that '$op' $at\n" . $hereptr);
					}
					if ($ctx =~ /Wx[BE]/ ||
					    ($ctx =~ /Wx./ && $cc =~ /^;/)) {
						ERROR("space prohibited before that '$op' $at\n" . $hereptr);
					}
					if ($ctx =~ /ExW/) {
						ERROR("space prohibited after that '$op' $at\n" . $hereptr);
					}

				# A colon needs no spaces before when it is
				# terminating a case value or a label.
				} elsif ($opv eq ':C' || $opv eq ':L') {
					if ($ctx =~ /Wx./) {
						ERROR("space prohibited before that '$op' $at\n" . $hereptr);
					}

				# All the others need spaces both sides.
				} elsif ($ctx !~ /[EWC]x[CWE]/) {
					my $ok = 0;

1908 1909 1910 1911 1912 1913 1914 1915 1916 1917 1918 1919
					if ($realfile =~ /\.cpp|\.h$/) {
						# Ignore template arguments <...> in C++
						if (($op eq '<' || $op eq '>') && $line =~ /<.*>/) {
							$ok = 1;
						}

						# Ignore :: in C++
						if ($op eq '::') {
							$ok = 1;
						}
					}

1920 1921 1922 1923 1924 1925 1926 1927 1928 1929 1930 1931 1932 1933 1934 1935 1936 1937 1938 1939 1940 1941 1942 1943
					# Ignore email addresses <foo@bar>
					if (($op eq '<' &&
					     $cc =~ /^\S+\@\S+>/) ||
					    ($op eq '>' &&
					     $ca =~ /<\S+\@\S+$/))
					{
						$ok = 1;
					}

					# Ignore ?:
					if (($opv eq ':O' && $ca =~ /\?$/) ||
					    ($op eq '?' && $cc =~ /^:/)) {
						$ok = 1;
					}

					if ($ok == 0) {
						ERROR("spaces required around that '$op' $at\n" . $hereptr);
					}
				}
				$off += length($elements[$n + 1]);
			}
		}

#need space before brace following if, while, etc
1944 1945
		if (($line =~ /\(.*\)\{/ && $line !~ /\($Type\)\{/) ||
		    $line =~ /do\{/) {
1946 1947 1948 1949 1950 1951 1952 1953 1954 1955 1956 1957 1958 1959 1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969 1970 1971 1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
			ERROR("space required before the open brace '{'\n" . $herecurr);
		}

# closing brace should have a space following it when it has anything
# on the line
		if ($line =~ /}(?!(?:,|;|\)))\S/) {
			ERROR("space required after that close brace '}'\n" . $herecurr);
		}

# check spacing on square brackets
		if ($line =~ /\[\s/ && $line !~ /\[\s*$/) {
			ERROR("space prohibited after that open square bracket '['\n" . $herecurr);
		}
		if ($line =~ /\s\]/) {
			ERROR("space prohibited before that close square bracket ']'\n" . $herecurr);
		}

# check spacing on parentheses
		if ($line =~ /\(\s/ && $line !~ /\(\s*(?:\\)?$/ &&
		    $line !~ /for\s*\(\s+;/) {
			ERROR("space prohibited after that open parenthesis '('\n" . $herecurr);
		}
		if ($line =~ /(\s+)\)/ && $line !~ /^.\s*\)/ &&
		    $line !~ /for\s*\(.*;\s+\)/ &&
		    $line !~ /:\s+\)/) {
			ERROR("space prohibited before that close parenthesis ')'\n" . $herecurr);
		}

# Return is not a function.
		if (defined($stat) && $stat =~ /^.\s*return(\s*)(\(.*);/s) {
			my $spacing = $1;
			my $value = $2;

			# Flatten any parentheses
			$value =~ s/\(/ \(/g;
			$value =~ s/\)/\) /g;
			while ($value =~ s/\[[^\{\}]*\]/1/ ||
			       $value !~ /(?:$Ident|-?$Constant)\s*
					     $Compare\s*
					     (?:$Ident|-?$Constant)/x &&
			       $value =~ s/\([^\(\)]*\)/1/) {
			}
#print "value<$value>\n";
			if ($value =~ /^\s*(?:$Ident|-?$Constant)\s*$/) {
				ERROR("return is not a function, parentheses are not required\n" . $herecurr);

			} elsif ($spacing !~ /\s+/) {
				ERROR("space required before the open parenthesis '('\n" . $herecurr);
			}
		}
# Return of what appears to be an errno should normally be -'ve
		if ($line =~ /^.\s*return\s*(E[A-Z]*)\s*;/) {
			my $name = $1;
			if ($name ne 'EOF' && $name ne 'ERROR') {
2000
				WARN("return of an errno should typically be -ve (return -$1)\n" . $herecurr);
2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025 2026 2027 2028 2029 2030 2031 2032 2033 2034 2035 2036 2037 2038 2039 2040 2041 2042 2043 2044 2045 2046 2047 2048 2049 2050 2051 2052 2053 2054 2055 2056 2057 2058 2059 2060 2061 2062 2063 2064 2065 2066 2067 2068 2069 2070 2071 2072 2073 2074 2075 2076 2077 2078 2079 2080 2081 2082 2083 2084 2085 2086 2087 2088 2089 2090 2091 2092 2093 2094 2095 2096 2097 2098 2099 2100 2101 2102 2103 2104 2105 2106 2107 2108 2109 2110 2111 2112 2113 2114 2115 2116 2117 2118 2119 2120 2121 2122 2123 2124 2125 2126 2127 2128 2129 2130 2131 2132 2133 2134 2135 2136 2137 2138 2139 2140 2141 2142 2143 2144 2145 2146 2147 2148 2149 2150 2151 2152 2153 2154 2155 2156 2157 2158 2159 2160 2161 2162 2163 2164 2165 2166 2167 2168 2169 2170 2171 2172 2173 2174 2175 2176 2177 2178 2179 2180 2181 2182 2183 2184 2185 2186 2187 2188 2189 2190 2191 2192 2193 2194 2195 2196 2197 2198 2199 2200 2201 2202 2203 2204 2205 2206 2207 2208 2209 2210 2211 2212 2213 2214 2215 2216 2217 2218 2219 2220 2221 2222 2223 2224
			}
		}

# Need a space before open parenthesis after if, while etc
		if ($line=~/\b(if|while|for|switch)\(/) {
			ERROR("space required before the open parenthesis '('\n" . $herecurr);
		}

# Check for illegal assignment in if conditional -- and check for trailing
# statements after the conditional.
		if ($line =~ /do\s*(?!{)/) {
			my ($stat_next) = ctx_statement_block($line_nr_next,
						$remain_next, $off_next);
			$stat_next =~ s/\n./\n /g;
			##print "stat<$stat> stat_next<$stat_next>\n";

			if ($stat_next =~ /^\s*while\b/) {
				# If the statement carries leading newlines,
				# then count those as offsets.
				my ($whitespace) =
					($stat_next =~ /^((?:\s*\n[+-])*\s*)/s);
				my $offset =
					statement_rawlines($whitespace) - 1;

				$suppress_whiletrailers{$line_nr_next +
								$offset} = 1;
			}
		}
		if (!defined $suppress_whiletrailers{$linenr} &&
		    $line =~ /\b(?:if|while|for)\s*\(/ && $line !~ /^.\s*#/) {
			my ($s, $c) = ($stat, $cond);

			if ($c =~ /\bif\s*\(.*[^<>!=]=[^=].*/s) {
				ERROR("do not use assignment in if condition\n" . $herecurr);
			}

			# Find out what is on the end of the line after the
			# conditional.
			substr($s, 0, length($c), '');
			$s =~ s/\n.*//g;
			$s =~ s/$;//g; 	# Remove any comments
			if (length($c) && $s !~ /^\s*{?\s*\\*\s*$/ &&
			    $c !~ /}\s*while\s*/)
			{
				# Find out how long the conditional actually is.
				my @newlines = ($c =~ /\n/gs);
				my $cond_lines = 1 + $#newlines;
				my $stat_real = '';

				$stat_real = raw_line($linenr, $cond_lines)
							. "\n" if ($cond_lines);
				if (defined($stat_real) && $cond_lines > 1) {
					$stat_real = "[...]\n$stat_real";
				}

				ERROR("trailing statements should be on next line\n" . $herecurr . $stat_real);
			}
		}

# Check for bitwise tests written as boolean
		if ($line =~ /
			(?:
				(?:\[|\(|\&\&|\|\|)
				\s*0[xX][0-9]+\s*
				(?:\&\&|\|\|)
			|
				(?:\&\&|\|\|)
				\s*0[xX][0-9]+\s*
				(?:\&\&|\|\||\)|\])
			)/x)
		{
			WARN("boolean test with hexadecimal, perhaps just 1 \& or \|?\n" . $herecurr);
		}

# if and else should not have general statements after it
		if ($line =~ /^.\s*(?:}\s*)?else\b(.*)/) {
			my $s = $1;
			$s =~ s/$;//g; 	# Remove any comments
			if ($s !~ /^\s*(?:\sif|(?:{|)\s*\\?\s*$)/) {
				ERROR("trailing statements should be on next line\n" . $herecurr);
			}
		}
# if should not continue a brace
		if ($line =~ /}\s*if\b/) {
			ERROR("trailing statements should be on next line\n" .
				$herecurr);
		}
# case and default should not have general statements after them
		if ($line =~ /^.\s*(?:case\s*.*|default\s*):/g &&
		    $line !~ /\G(?:
			(?:\s*$;*)(?:\s*{)?(?:\s*$;*)(?:\s*\\)?\s*$|
			\s*return\s+
		    )/xg)
		{
			ERROR("trailing statements should be on next line\n" . $herecurr);
		}

		# Check for }<nl>else {, these must be at the same
		# indent level to be relevant to each other.
		if ($prevline=~/}\s*$/ and $line=~/^.\s*else\s*/ and
						$previndent == $indent) {
			ERROR("else should follow close brace '}'\n" . $hereprev);
		}

		if ($prevline=~/}\s*$/ and $line=~/^.\s*while\s*/ and
						$previndent == $indent) {
			my ($s, $c) = ctx_statement_block($linenr, $realcnt, 0);

			# Find out what is on the end of the line after the
			# conditional.
			substr($s, 0, length($c), '');
			$s =~ s/\n.*//g;

			if ($s =~ /^\s*;/) {
				ERROR("while should follow close brace '}'\n" . $hereprev);
			}
		}

#studly caps, commented out until figure out how to distinguish between use of existing and adding new
#		if (($line=~/[\w_][a-z\d]+[A-Z]/) and !($line=~/print/)) {
#		    print "No studly caps, use _\n";
#		    print "$herecurr";
#		    $clean = 0;
#		}

#no spaces allowed after \ in define
		if ($line=~/\#\s*define.*\\\s$/) {
			WARN("Whitepspace after \\ makes next lines useless\n" . $herecurr);
		}

# multi-statement macros should be enclosed in a do while loop, grab the
# first statement and ensure its the whole macro if its not enclosed
# in a known good container
		if ($realfile !~ m@/vmlinux.lds.h$@ &&
		    $line =~ /^.\s*\#\s*define\s*$Ident(\()?/) {
			my $ln = $linenr;
			my $cnt = $realcnt;
			my ($off, $dstat, $dcond, $rest);
			my $ctx = '';

			my $args = defined($1);

			# Find the end of the macro and limit our statement
			# search to that.
			while ($cnt > 0 && defined $lines[$ln - 1] &&
				$lines[$ln - 1] =~ /^(?:-|..*\\$)/)
			{
				$ctx .= $rawlines[$ln - 1] . "\n";
				$cnt-- if ($lines[$ln - 1] !~ /^-/);
				$ln++;
			}
			$ctx .= $rawlines[$ln - 1];

			($dstat, $dcond, $ln, $cnt, $off) =
				ctx_statement_block($linenr, $ln - $linenr + 1, 0);
			#print "dstat<$dstat> dcond<$dcond> cnt<$cnt> off<$off>\n";
			#print "LINE<$lines[$ln-1]> len<" . length($lines[$ln-1]) . "\n";

			# Extract the remainder of the define (if any) and
			# rip off surrounding spaces, and trailing \'s.
			$rest = '';
			while ($off != 0 || ($cnt > 0 && $rest =~ /\\\s*$/)) {
				#print "ADDING cnt<$cnt> $off <" . substr($lines[$ln - 1], $off) . "> rest<$rest>\n";
				if ($off != 0 || $lines[$ln - 1] !~ /^-/) {
					$rest .= substr($lines[$ln - 1], $off) . "\n";
					$cnt--;
				}
				$ln++;
				$off = 0;
			}
			$rest =~ s/\\\n.//g;
			$rest =~ s/^\s*//s;
			$rest =~ s/\s*$//s;

			# Clean up the original statement.
			if ($args) {
				substr($dstat, 0, length($dcond), '');
			} else {
				$dstat =~ s/^.\s*\#\s*define\s+$Ident\s*//;
			}
			$dstat =~ s/$;//g;
			$dstat =~ s/\\\n.//g;
			$dstat =~ s/^\s*//s;
			$dstat =~ s/\s*$//s;

			# Flatten any parentheses and braces
			while ($dstat =~ s/\([^\(\)]*\)/1/ ||
			       $dstat =~ s/\{[^\{\}]*\}/1/ ||
			       $dstat =~ s/\[[^\{\}]*\]/1/)
			{
			}

			my $exceptions = qr{
				$Declare|
				module_param_named|
				MODULE_PARAM_DESC|
				DECLARE_PER_CPU|
				DEFINE_PER_CPU|
				__typeof__\(|
				union|
				struct|
				\.$Ident\s*=\s*|
				^\"|\"$
			}x;
			#print "REST<$rest> dstat<$dstat> ctx<$ctx>\n";
			if ($rest ne '' && $rest ne ',') {
				if ($rest !~ /while\s*\(/ &&
				    $dstat !~ /$exceptions/)
				{
					ERROR("Macros with multiple statements should be enclosed in a do - while loop\n" . "$here\n$ctx\n");
				}

			} elsif ($ctx !~ /;/) {
				if ($dstat ne '' &&
				    $dstat !~ /^(?:$Ident|-?$Constant)$/ &&
				    $dstat !~ /$exceptions/ &&
				    $dstat !~ /^\.$Ident\s*=/ &&
				    $dstat =~ /$Operators/)
				{
					ERROR("Macros with complex values should be enclosed in parenthesis\n" . "$here\n$ctx\n");
				}
			}
		}

2225 2226
# check for missing bracing round if etc
		if ($line =~ /(^.*)\bif\b/ && $line !~ /\#\s*if/) {
2227 2228
			my ($level, $endln, @chunks) =
				ctx_statement_full($linenr, $realcnt, 1);
2229 2230 2231 2232 2233
                        if ($dbg_adv_apw) {
                            print "APW: chunks<$#chunks> linenr<$linenr> endln<$endln> level<$level>\n";
                            print "APW: <<$chunks[1][0]>><<$chunks[1][1]>>\n"
                                if $#chunks >= 1;
                        }
2234
			if ($#chunks >= 0 && $level == 0) {
2235 2236 2237 2238 2239 2240 2241 2242 2243 2244 2245 2246 2247 2248 2249 2250 2251 2252 2253 2254 2255
				my $allowed = 0;
				my $seen = 0;
				my $herectx = $here . "\n";
				my $ln = $linenr - 1;
				for my $chunk (@chunks) {
					my ($cond, $block) = @{$chunk};

					# If the condition carries leading newlines, then count those as offsets.
					my ($whitespace) = ($cond =~ /^((?:\s*\n[+-])*\s*)/s);
					my $offset = statement_rawlines($whitespace) - 1;

					#print "COND<$cond> whitespace<$whitespace> offset<$offset>\n";

					# We have looked at and allowed this specific line.
					$suppress_ifbraces{$ln + $offset} = 1;

					$herectx .= "$rawlines[$ln + $offset]\n[...]\n";
					$ln += statement_rawlines($block) - 1;

					substr($block, 0, length($cond), '');

2256 2257 2258
					my $spaced_block = $block;
					$spaced_block =~ s/\n\+/ /g;

2259
					$seen++ if ($spaced_block =~ /^\s*\{/);
2260

2261 2262
                                        print "APW: cond<$cond> block<$block> allowed<$allowed>\n"
                                            if $dbg_adv_apw;
2263
					if (statement_lines($cond) > 1) {
2264 2265 2266
                                            print "APW: ALLOWED: cond<$cond>\n"
                                                if $dbg_adv_apw;
                                            $allowed = 1;
2267 2268
					}
					if ($block =~/\b(?:if|for|while)\b/) {
2269 2270 2271
                                            print "APW: ALLOWED: block<$block>\n"
                                                if $dbg_adv_apw;
                                            $allowed = 1;
2272 2273
					}
					if (statement_block_size($block) > 1) {
2274 2275 2276
                                            print "APW: ALLOWED: lines block<$block>\n"
                                                if $dbg_adv_apw;
                                            $allowed = 1;
2277 2278
					}
				}
2279
				if ($seen != ($#chunks + 1)) {
2280
					WARN("braces {} are necessary for all arms of this statement\n" . $herectx);
2281 2282 2283 2284
				}
			}
		}
		if (!defined $suppress_ifbraces{$linenr - 1} &&
2285
					$line =~ /\b(if|while|for|else)\b/ &&
2286
					$line !~ /\#\s*if/ &&
2287
					$line !~ /\#\s*else/) {
2288 2289
			my $allowed = 0;

2290 2291 2292 2293 2294 2295 2296 2297 2298 2299
                        # Check the pre-context.
                        if (substr($line, 0, $-[0]) =~ /(\}\s*)$/) {
                            my $pre = $1;

                            if ($line !~ /else/) {
                                print "APW: ALLOWED: pre<$pre> line<$line>\n"
                                    if $dbg_adv_apw;
                                $allowed = 1;
                            }
                        }
2300 2301 2302 2303 2304 2305

			my ($level, $endln, @chunks) =
				ctx_statement_full($linenr, $realcnt, $-[0]);

			# Check the condition.
			my ($cond, $block) = @{$chunks[0]};
2306 2307
                        print "CHECKING<$linenr> cond<$cond> block<$block>\n"
                            if $dbg_adv_checking;
2308 2309 2310 2311
			if (defined $cond) {
				substr($block, 0, length($cond), '');
			}
			if (statement_lines($cond) > 1) {
2312 2313 2314
                            print "APW: ALLOWED: cond<$cond>\n"
                                if $dbg_adv_apw;
                            $allowed = 1;
2315 2316
			}
			if ($block =~/\b(?:if|for|while)\b/) {
2317 2318 2319
                            print "APW: ALLOWED: block<$block>\n"
                                if $dbg_adv_apw;
                            $allowed = 1;
2320 2321
			}
			if (statement_block_size($block) > 1) {
2322 2323 2324
                            print "APW: ALLOWED: lines block<$block>\n"
                                if $dbg_adv_apw;
                            $allowed = 1;
2325 2326 2327 2328 2329 2330 2331 2332
			}
			# Check the post-context.
			if (defined $chunks[1]) {
				my ($cond, $block) = @{$chunks[1]};
				if (defined $cond) {
					substr($block, 0, length($cond), '');
				}
				if ($block =~ /^\s*\{/) {
2333 2334 2335
                                    print "APW: ALLOWED: chunk-1 block<$block>\n"
                                        if $dbg_adv_apw;
                                    $allowed = 1;
2336 2337
				}
			}
2338 2339
                        print "DCS: level=$level block<$block> allowed=$allowed\n"
                            if $dbg_adv_dcs;
2340
			if ($level == 0 && $block !~ /^\s*\{/ && !$allowed) {
2341 2342 2343 2344 2345 2346 2347
				my $herectx = $here . "\n";;
				my $cnt = statement_rawlines($block);

				for (my $n = 0; $n < $cnt; $n++) {
					$herectx .= raw_line($linenr, $n) . "\n";;
				}

2348
				WARN("braces {} are necessary even for single statement blocks\n" . $herectx);
2349 2350 2351 2352 2353 2354 2355 2356 2357 2358 2359
			}
		}

# no volatiles please
		my $asm_volatile = qr{\b(__asm__|asm)\s+(__volatile__|volatile)\b};
		if ($line =~ /\bvolatile\b/ && $line !~ /$asm_volatile/) {
			WARN("Use of volatile is usually wrong: see Documentation/volatile-considered-harmful.txt\n" . $herecurr);
		}

# warn about #if 0
		if ($line =~ /^.\s*\#\s*if\s+0\b/) {
2360
			WARN("if this code is redundant consider removing it\n" .
2361 2362 2363
				$herecurr);
		}

2364
# check for needless g_free() checks
2365 2366
		if ($prevline =~ /\bif\s*\(([^\)]*)\)/) {
			my $expr = $1;
2367 2368
			if ($line =~ /\bg_free\(\Q$expr\E\);/) {
				WARN("g_free(NULL) is safe this check is probably not required\n" . $hereprev);
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			}
		}

# warn about #ifdefs in C files
#		if ($line =~ /^.\s*\#\s*if(|n)def/ && ($realfile =~ /\.c$/)) {
#			print "#ifdef in C files should be avoided\n";
#			print "$herecurr";
#			$clean = 0;
#		}

# warn about spacing in #ifdefs
		if ($line =~ /^.\s*\#\s*(ifdef|ifndef|elif)\s\s+/) {
			ERROR("exactly one space required after that #$1\n" . $herecurr);
		}
# check for memory barriers without a comment.
2384
		if ($line =~ /\b(smp_mb|smp_rmb|smp_wmb|smp_read_barrier_depends)\(/) {
2385
			if (!ctx_has_comment($first_line, $linenr)) {
2386
				WARN("memory barrier without comment\n" . $herecurr);
2387 2388 2389
			}
		}
# check of hardware specific defines
2390 2391 2392 2393
# we have e.g. CONFIG_LINUX and CONFIG_WIN32 for common cases
# where they might be necessary.
		if ($line =~ m@^.\s*\#\s*if.*\b__@) {
			WARN("architecture specific defines should be avoided\n" .  $herecurr);
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		}

# Check that the storage class is at the beginning of a declaration
		if ($line =~ /\b$Storage\b/ && $line !~ /^.\s*$Storage\b/) {
			WARN("storage class should be at the beginning of the declaration\n" . $herecurr)
		}

# check the location of the inline attribute, that it is between
# storage class and type.
		if ($line =~ /\b$Type\s+$Inline\b/ ||
		    $line =~ /\b$Inline\s+$Storage\b/) {
			ERROR("inline keyword should sit between storage class and type\n" . $herecurr);
		}

# check for sizeof(&)
		if ($line =~ /\bsizeof\s*\(\s*\&/) {
			WARN("sizeof(& should be avoided\n" . $herecurr);
		}

# check for new externs in .c files.
		if ($realfile =~ /\.c$/ && defined $stat &&
		    $stat =~ /^.\s*(?:extern\s+)?$Type\s+($Ident)(\s*)\(/s)
		{
			my $function_name = $1;
			my $paren_space = $2;

			my $s = $stat;
			if (defined $cond) {
				substr($s, 0, length($cond), '');
			}
			if ($s =~ /^\s*;/ &&
			    $function_name ne 'uninitialized_var')
			{
				WARN("externs should be avoided in .c files\n" .  $herecurr);
			}

			if ($paren_space =~ /\n/) {
				WARN("arguments for function declarations should follow identifier\n" . $herecurr);
			}

		} elsif ($realfile =~ /\.c$/ && defined $stat &&
		    $stat =~ /^.\s*extern\s+/)
		{
			WARN("externs should be avoided in .c files\n" .  $herecurr);
		}

2440 2441 2442 2443 2444 2445 2446
# check for pointless casting of g_malloc return
		if ($line =~ /\*\s*\)\s*g_(try)?(m|re)alloc(0?)(_n)?\b/) {
			if ($2 == 'm') {
				WARN("unnecessary cast may hide bugs, use g_$1new$3 instead\n" . $herecurr);
			} else {
				WARN("unnecessary cast may hide bugs, use g_$1renew$3 instead\n" . $herecurr);
			}
2447 2448 2449 2450 2451 2452 2453
		}

# check for gcc specific __FUNCTION__
		if ($line =~ /__FUNCTION__/) {
			WARN("__func__ should be used instead of gcc specific __FUNCTION__\n"  . $herecurr);
		}

2454 2455
# recommend qemu_strto* over strto* for numeric conversions
		if ($line =~ /\b(strto[^k].*?)\s*\(/) {
2456
			WARN("consider using qemu_$1 in preference to $1\n" . $herecurr);
2457
		}
2458 2459 2460
# check for module_init(), use category-specific init macros explicitly please
		if ($line =~ /^module_init\s*\(/) {
			WARN("please use block_init(), type_init() etc. instead of module_init()\n" . $herecurr);
2461 2462
		}
# check for various ops structs, ensure they are const.
2463 2464 2465 2466 2467 2468 2469 2470 2471 2472 2473 2474 2475 2476 2477 2478 2479 2480 2481 2482
		my $struct_ops = qr{AIOCBInfo|
				BdrvActionOps|
				BlockDevOps|
				BlockJobDriver|
				DisplayChangeListenerOps|
				GraphicHwOps|
				IDEDMAOps|
				KVMCapabilityInfo|
				MemoryRegionIOMMUOps|
				MemoryRegionOps|
				MemoryRegionPortio|
				QEMUFileOps|
				SCSIBusInfo|
				SCSIReqOps|
				Spice[A-Z][a-zA-Z0-9]*Interface|
				TPMDriverOps|
				USBDesc[A-Z][a-zA-Z0-9]*|
				VhostOps|
				VMStateDescription|
				VMStateInfo}x;
2483
		if ($line !~ /\bconst\b/ &&
2484
		    $line =~ /\b($struct_ops)\b/) {
2485 2486 2487 2488 2489 2490 2491 2492 2493 2494 2495 2496 2497 2498 2499
			WARN("struct $1 should normally be const\n" .
				$herecurr);
		}

# check for %L{u,d,i} in strings
		my $string;
		while ($line =~ /(?:^|")([X\t]*)(?:"|$)/g) {
			$string = substr($rawline, $-[1], $+[1] - $-[1]);
			$string =~ s/%%/__/g;
			if ($string =~ /(?<!%)%L[udi]/) {
				WARN("\%Ld/%Lu are not-standard C, use %lld/%llu\n" . $herecurr);
				last;
			}
		}

2500 2501 2502 2503
# QEMU specific tests
		if ($rawline =~ /\b(?:Qemu|QEmu)\b/) {
			WARN("use QEMU instead of Qemu or QEmu\n" . $herecurr);
		}
2504

2505 2506 2507 2508 2509 2510 2511 2512 2513 2514 2515 2516 2517 2518 2519 2520 2521 2522 2523 2524 2525 2526 2527 2528 2529 2530 2531 2532 2533 2534 2535 2536 2537 2538 2539 2540
# Qemu error function tests

	# Find newlines in error messages
	my $qemu_error_funcs = qr{error_setg|
				error_setg_errno|
				error_setg_win32|
				error_set|
				error_vreport|
				error_report}x;

	if ($rawline =~ /\b(?:$qemu_error_funcs)\s*\(\s*\".*\\n/) {
		WARN("Error messages should not contain newlines\n" . $herecurr);
	}

	# Continue checking for error messages that contains newlines. This
	# check handles cases where string literals are spread over multiple lines.
	# Example:
	# error_report("Error msg line #1"
	#              "Error msg line #2\n");
	my $quoted_newline_regex = qr{\+\s*\".*\\n.*\"};
	my $continued_str_literal = qr{\+\s*\".*\"};

	if ($rawline =~ /$quoted_newline_regex/) {
		# Backtrack to first line that does not contain only a quoted literal
		# and assume that it is the start of the statement.
		my $i = $linenr - 2;

		while (($i >= 0) & $rawlines[$i] =~ /$continued_str_literal/) {
			$i--;
		}

		if ($rawlines[$i] =~ /\b(?:$qemu_error_funcs)\s*\(/) {
			WARN("Error messages should not contain newlines\n" . $herecurr);
		}
	}

2541 2542 2543 2544 2545 2546 2547 2548 2549 2550
# check for non-portable ffs() calls that have portable alternatives in QEMU
		if ($line =~ /\bffs\(/) {
			ERROR("use ctz32() instead of ffs()\n" . $herecurr);
		}
		if ($line =~ /\bffsl\(/) {
			ERROR("use ctz32() or ctz64() instead of ffsl()\n" . $herecurr);
		}
		if ($line =~ /\bffsll\(/) {
			ERROR("use ctz64() instead of ffsll()\n" . $herecurr);
		}
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	}