• Laszlo Ersek's avatar
    Python-lang gdb script to extract x86_64 guest vmcore from qemu coredump · 3e16d14f
    Laszlo Ersek authored
    When qemu dies unexpectedly, for example in response to an explicit
    abort() call, or (more importantly) when an external signal is delivered
    to it that results in a coredump, sometimes it is useful to extract the
    guest vmcore from the qemu process' memory image. The guest vmcore might
    help understand an emulation problem in qemu, or help debug the guest.
    
    This script reimplements (and cuts many features of) the
    qmp_dump_guest_memory() command in gdb/Python,
    
      https://sourceware.org/gdb/current/onlinedocs/gdb/Python-API.html
    
    working off the saved memory image of the qemu process. The docstring in
    the patch (serving as gdb help text) describes the limitations relative to
    the QMP command.
    
    Dependencies of qmp_dump_guest_memory() have been reimplemented as needed.
    I sought to follow the general structure, sticking to original function
    names where possible. However, keeping it simple prevailed in some places.
    
    The patch has been tested with a 4 VCPU, 768 MB, RHEL-6.4
    (2.6.32-358.el6.x86_64) guest:
    
    - The script printed
    
    > guest RAM blocks:
    > target_start     target_end       host_addr        message count
    > ---------------- ---------------- ---------------- ------- -----
    > 0000000000000000 00000000000a0000 00007f95d0000000 added       1
    > 00000000000a0000 00000000000b0000 00007f960ac00000 added       2
    > 00000000000c0000 00000000000ca000 00007f95d00c0000 added       3
    > 00000000000ca000 00000000000cd000 00007f95d00ca000 joined      3
    > 00000000000cd000 00000000000d0000 00007f95d00cd000 joined      3
    > 00000000000d0000 00000000000f0000 00007f95d00d0000 joined      3
    > 00000000000f0000 0000000000100000 00007f95d00f0000 joined      3
    > 0000000000100000 0000000030000000 00007f95d0100000 joined      3
    > 00000000fc000000 00000000fc800000 00007f960ac00000 added       4
    > 00000000fffe0000 0000000100000000 00007f9618800000 added       5
    > dumping range at 00007f95d0000000 for length 00000000000a0000
    > dumping range at 00007f960ac00000 for length 0000000000010000
    > dumping range at 00007f95d00c0000 for length 000000002ff40000
    > dumping range at 00007f960ac00000 for length 0000000000800000
    > dumping range at 00007f9618800000 for length 0000000000020000
    
    - The vmcore was checked with "readelf", comparing the results against a
      vmcore written by qmp_dump_guest_memory():
    
    > --- theirs      2013-09-12 17:38:59.797289404 +0200
    > +++ mine        2013-09-12 17:39:03.820289404 +0200
    > @@ -27,16 +27,16 @@
    >    Type           Offset             VirtAddr           PhysAddr
    >                   FileSiz            MemSiz              Flags  Align
    >    NOTE           0x0000000000000190 0x0000000000000000 0x0000000000000000
    > -                 0x0000000000000ca0 0x0000000000000ca0         0
    > -  LOAD           0x0000000000000e30 0x0000000000000000 0x0000000000000000
    > +                 0x000000000000001c 0x000000000000001c         0
    > +  LOAD           0x00000000000001ac 0x0000000000000000 0x0000000000000000
    >                   0x00000000000a0000 0x00000000000a0000         0
    > -  LOAD           0x00000000000a0e30 0x0000000000000000 0x00000000000a0000
    > +  LOAD           0x00000000000a01ac 0x0000000000000000 0x00000000000a0000
    >                   0x0000000000010000 0x0000000000010000         0
    > -  LOAD           0x00000000000b0e30 0x0000000000000000 0x00000000000c0000
    > +  LOAD           0x00000000000b01ac 0x0000000000000000 0x00000000000c0000
    >                   0x000000002ff40000 0x000000002ff40000         0
    > -  LOAD           0x000000002fff0e30 0x0000000000000000 0x00000000fc000000
    > +  LOAD           0x000000002fff01ac 0x0000000000000000 0x00000000fc000000
    >                   0x0000000000800000 0x0000000000800000         0
    > -  LOAD           0x00000000307f0e30 0x0000000000000000 0x00000000fffe0000
    > +  LOAD           0x00000000307f01ac 0x0000000000000000 0x00000000fffe0000
    >                   0x0000000000020000 0x0000000000020000         0
    >
    >  There is no dynamic section in this file.
    > @@ -47,13 +47,6 @@
    >
    >  No version information found in this file.
    >
    > -Notes at offset 0x00000190 with length 0x00000ca0:
    > +Notes at offset 0x00000190 with length 0x0000001c:
    >    Owner                Data size       Description
    > -  CORE         0x00000150      NT_PRSTATUS (prstatus structure)
    > -  CORE         0x00000150      NT_PRSTATUS (prstatus structure)
    > -  CORE         0x00000150      NT_PRSTATUS (prstatus structure)
    > -  CORE         0x00000150      NT_PRSTATUS (prstatus structure)
    > -  QEMU         0x000001b0      Unknown note type: (0x00000000)
    > -  QEMU         0x000001b0      Unknown note type: (0x00000000)
    > -  QEMU         0x000001b0      Unknown note type: (0x00000000)
    > -  QEMU         0x000001b0      Unknown note type: (0x00000000)
    > +  NONE         0x00000005      Unknown note type: (0x00000000)
    
    - The vmcore was checked with "crash" too, again comparing the results
      against a vmcore written by qmp_dump_guest_memory():
    
    > --- guest.vmcore.log2   2013-09-12 17:52:27.074289201 +0200
    > +++ example.dump.log2   2013-09-12 17:52:15.904289203 +0200
    > @@ -22,11 +22,11 @@
    >  This GDB was configured as "x86_64-unknown-linux-gnu"...
    >
    >       KERNEL: /usr/lib/debug/lib/modules/2.6.32-358.el6.x86_64/vmlinux
    > -    DUMPFILE: /home/lacos/tmp/guest.vmcore
    > +    DUMPFILE: /home/lacos/tmp/example.dump
    >          CPUS: 4
    > -        DATE: Thu Sep 12 17:16:11 2013
    > -      UPTIME: 00:01:09
    > -LOAD AVERAGE: 0.07, 0.03, 0.00
    > +        DATE: Thu Sep 12 17:17:41 2013
    > +      UPTIME: 00:00:38
    > +LOAD AVERAGE: 0.18, 0.05, 0.01
    >         TASKS: 130
    >      NODENAME: localhost.localdomain
    >       RELEASE: 2.6.32-358.el6.x86_64
    > @@ -38,12 +38,12 @@
    >       COMMAND: "swapper"
    >          TASK: ffffffff81a8d020  (1 of 4)  [THREAD_INFO: ffffffff81a00000]
    >           CPU: 0
    > -       STATE: TASK_RUNNING (PANIC)
    > +       STATE: TASK_RUNNING (ACTIVE)
    > +     WARNING: panic task not found
    >
    >  crash> bt
    >  PID: 0      TASK: ffffffff81a8d020  CPU: 0   COMMAND: "swapper"
    > - #0 [ffffffff81a01ed0] default_idle at ffffffff8101495d
    > - #1 [ffffffff81a01ef0] cpu_idle at ffffffff81009fc6
    > + #0 [ffffffff81a01ef0] cpu_idle at ffffffff81009fc6
    >  crash> task ffffffff81a8d020
    >  PID: 0      TASK: ffffffff81a8d020  CPU: 0   COMMAND: "swapper"
    >  struct task_struct {
    > @@ -75,7 +75,7 @@
    >        prev = 0xffffffff81a8d080
    >      },
    >      on_rq = 0,
    > -    exec_start = 8618466836,
    > +    exec_start = 7469214014,
    >      sum_exec_runtime = 0,
    >      vruntime = 0,
    >      prev_sum_exec_runtime = 0,
    > @@ -149,7 +149,7 @@
    >    },
    >    tasks = {
    >      next = 0xffff88002d621948,
    > -    prev = 0xffff880029618f28
    > +    prev = 0xffff880023b74488
    >    },
    >    pushable_tasks = {
    >      prio = 140,
    > @@ -165,7 +165,7 @@
    >      }
    >    },
    >    mm = 0x0,
    > -  active_mm = 0xffff88002929b780,
    > +  active_mm = 0xffff8800297eb980,
    >    exit_state = 0,
    >    exit_code = 0,
    >    exit_signal = 0,
    > @@ -177,7 +177,7 @@
    >    sched_reset_on_fork = 0,
    >    pid = 0,
    >    tgid = 0,
    > -  stack_canary = 2483693585637059287,
    > +  stack_canary = 7266362296181431986,
    >    real_parent = 0xffffffff81a8d020,
    >    parent = 0xffffffff81a8d020,
    >    children = {
    > @@ -224,14 +224,14 @@
    >    set_child_tid = 0x0,
    >    clear_child_tid = 0x0,
    >    utime = 0,
    > -  stime = 3,
    > +  stime = 2,
    >    utimescaled = 0,
    > -  stimescaled = 3,
    > +  stimescaled = 2,
    >    gtime = 0,
    >    prev_utime = 0,
    >    prev_stime = 0,
    >    nvcsw = 0,
    > -  nivcsw = 1000,
    > +  nivcsw = 1764,
    >    start_time = {
    >      tv_sec = 0,
    >      tv_nsec = 0
    
    - <name_dropping>I asked for Dave Anderson's help with verifying the
      extracted vmcore, and his comments make me think I should post
      this.</name_dropping>
    Signed-off-by: default avatarLaszlo Ersek <lersek@redhat.com>
    Signed-off-by: default avatarMichael S. Tsirkin <mst@redhat.com>
    3e16d14f
dump-guest-memory.py 14 KB