Commit f4bdc13e authored by Eric Blake's avatar Eric Blake Committed by Paolo Bonzini

checkpatch: Enforce proper do/while (0) style

Use of a loop construct for code that is not intended to repeat
does not make much idiomatic sense, except in one place: it is a
common usage in macros in order to wrap arbitrary code with
single-statement semantics.  But when used in a macro, it is more
typical for the caller to supply the trailing ';' when calling
the macro.

Although qemu coding style frowns on bare:
  if (cond)
where extra semicolons actually cause syntax errors, we still
want our macro styles to be easily copied to other projects.
Thus, declare it an error if we encounter any form of 'while (0)'
with a semicolon in the same line.
Signed-off-by: 's avatarEric Blake <>
Message-Id: <>
Signed-off-by: 's avatarPaolo Bonzini <>
parent 2562755e
......@@ -1622,6 +1622,11 @@ sub process {
# 'do ... while (0/false)' only makes sense in macros, without trailing ';'
if ($line =~ /while\s*\((0|false)\);/) {
ERROR("suspicious ; after while (0)\n" . $herecurr);
# Check relative indent for conditionals and blocks.
if ($line =~ /\b(?:(?:if|while|for)\s*\(|do\b)/ && $line !~ /^.\s*#/ && $line !~ /\}\s*while\s*/) {
my ($s, $c) = ($stat, $cond);
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